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path: root/src/mame/drivers/neogeo.cpp
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// license:BSD-3-Clause
// copyright-holders:Bryan McPhail,Ernesto Corvi,Andrew Prime,Zsolt Vasvari
// thanks-to:Fuzz
/***************************************************************************

    Neo-Geo hardware

    Credits:
        * This driver was made possible by the research done by
          Charles MacDonald.  For a detailed description of the Neo-Geo
          hardware, please visit his page at:
          http://cgfm2.emuviews.com/txt/mvstech.txt
        * Presented to you by the Shin Emu Keikaku team.
        * The following people have all spent probably far
          too much time on this:
          AVDB
          Bryan McPhail
          Fuzz
          Ernesto Corvi
          Andrew Prime
          Zsolt Vasvari


    Known driver issues/to-do's:
    ============================

        * Fatal Fury 3 crashes during the ending - this doesn't occur if
          the language is set to Japanese, maybe the English endings
          are incomplete / buggy?
        * Graphical Glitches caused by incorrect timing?
          - Some raster effects are imperfect (off by a couple of lines)
        * 68000 waitstates on ROM region access, determined by jumpers on cart
          (garou train stage 3 background bug is probably related to this)


    Confirmed non-bugs:

        * Bad zooming in the Kof2003 bootlegs - this is what happens
          if you try and use the normal bios with a pcb set, it
          looks like the bootleggers didn't care.
        * Glitches at the edges of the screen - the real hardware
          can display 320x224 but most of the games seem designed
          to work with a width of 304, some less.
        * Distorted jumping sound in Nightmare in the Dark
        * Ninja Combat sometimes glitches


*****************************************************************************

    The Neo-Geo Multi Video System (MVS), is an arcade system board, being
    the first product in the Neo-Geo family, designed by Alpha Denshi(ADK)
    and released in 1990 by SNK. It was known to the coin-op industry, and
    offered arcade operators the ability to put up to 6 different arcade
    titles into a single cabinet, a key economic consideration for operators
    with limited floorspace (games for the Neo-Geo are cartridge based and are
    easily exchangeable). It comes in many different cabinets but basically
    consists of an add on board that can be linked to a standard Jamma system.
    The system was discontinued in 2004.
    Source (modified): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo_Geo


    MVS motherboards were produced in 1 / 2 / 4 and 6 Slot versions.

    Known motherboards:
    ===================

    1 Slot:
    NEO-MVH MV1
    NEO-MVH MV1-1
    NEO-MVH MV1A
     . NEO-MVH MV1A CHX ??
    NEO-MVH MV1B (1996.1.19)
     . NEO-MVH MV1B CHX (1996.1.19) ??
    NEO-MVH MV1B1 (1998.6.17)
    NEO-MVH MV1C (1999.4.30)
    NEO-MVH MV1F
    NEO-MVH MV1FS
    NEO-MVH MV1FT
    NEO-MVH MV1FZ
    NEO-MVH MV1FZS

    2 Slot:
    NEO-MVH MV2
    NEO-MVH MV2F
    NEO-MVH MV2F-01

    4 Slot:
    NEO-MVH MV4
    NEO-MVH MV4F
    NEO-MVH MV4FS
    NEO-MVH MV4FT
    NEO-MVH MV4FT2

    6 Slot:
    NEO-MVH MV6
    NEO-MVH MV6F


    Neo-Geo Motherboard (info - courtesy of Guru):

          NEO-MVH MV1
          |---------------------------------------------------------------------|
          |       4558                                                          |
          |                                          HC04  HC32                 |
          |                      SP-S2.SP1  NEO-E0   000-L0.L0   LS244  AS04    |
          |             YM2610                                                  |
          | 4558                                                                |
          |       4558                        5814  HC259   SFIX.SFIX           |
          |                                                             NEO-I0  |
          | HA13001 YM3016                    5814                              |
          --|                                                                   |
            |     4558                                                          |
          --|                                                 SM1.SM1   LS32    |
          |                                                                     |
          |                           LSPC-A0         PRO-C0            LS244   |
          |                                                                     |
          |J              68000                                                 |
          |A                                                                    |
          |M                                                                    |
          |M                                                      NEO-ZMC2      |
          |A                                                                    |
          |   LS273  NEO-G0                          58256  58256     Z80A      |
          |                           58256  58256   58256  58256     6116      |
          |   LS273 5864                                                        |
          --| LS05  5864  PRO-B0                                                |
            |                                                                   |
          --|             LS06   HC32           D4990A    NEO-F0   24.000MHz    |
          |                      DSW1    BATT3.6V 32.768kHz       NEO-D0        |
          |                                           2003  2003                |
          |---------------------------------------------------------------------|


*****************************************************************************

    Neo-Geo game PCB infos:
    =======================

    The Neo-Geo games for AES (home) and MVS (arcade) systems are cartridge based.

    Each cartridge consists of two PCBs: CHA and PROG.
    .CHA PCB contains gfx data ('C' - rom), text layer data ('S' - rom) and sound driver ('M' - rom).
    .PROG PCB contains sample data ('V' - rom) and program code ('P' - rom).

    On most PCBs various custom/protection chips can also be found:
    (Custom chip detail information (modified) from: http://wiki.neogeodev.org)

    CHA:
    . NEO-273  (C and S-ROM address latch)
    . NEO-CMC 90G06CF7042 (NEO-273 logic / NEO-ZMC logic / C-ROM decryption / C and S-ROM multiplexer / S-ROM bankswitching)
    . NEO-CMC 90G06CF7050 (NEO-273 logic / NEO-ZMC logic / C-ROM decryption / M-ROM decryption / C and S-ROM multiplexer / S-ROM bankswitching)
    . NEO-ZMC  (Z80 memory controller)
    . NEO-ZMC2 (Z80 memory controller / Tile serializer)
    . PRO-CT0  (C-ROM serializer and multiplexer?; used on early AES-CHA boards)
    . SNK-9201 (C-ROM serializer and multiplexer?; used on early AES-CHA boards)

    PROG:
    . 0103 (QFP144) (Only found on Metal Slug X NEO-MVS PROGEOP board; function unknown)
    . ALTERA   (EPM7128SQC100-15) (P-ROM protection chip used for KOF98 NEO-MVS PROGSF1 board and Metal Slug X NEO-MVS PROGEOP board)
    . NEO-COMA (Microcontroller; used for MULTI PLAY MODE, boards and sets see below)
    . NEO-PCM2 (SNK 1999) (PCM functionality / V-ROM decryption / P-ROM decoding and bankswitching)
    . NEO-PCM2 (PLAYMORE 2002) (PCM functionality / V-ROM decryption / P-ROM decoding and bankswitching)
    . NEO-PVC  (P-ROM decryption and bankswitching) / RAM
    . NEO-SMA  (P-ROM decryption and bankswitching / RNG / Storage of 256kb game data)
    . PCM      (ADPCM bus latches / V-ROM multiplexer)
    . PRO-CT0  (On PROG board used for P-ROM protection -> Fatal Fury 2)
    . SNK-9201 (On PROG board used for P-ROM protection -> Fatal Fury 2)



    Known PCBs:
    ============

    MVS CHA:
    -- SNK --
    . NEO-MVS CHA-32
    . NEO-MVS CHA-8M
    . NEO-MVS CHA42G
    . NEO-MVS CHA42G-1
    . NEO-MVS CHA 42G-2
    . NEO-MVS CHA 42G-3
    . NEO-MVS CHA42G-3B
    . NEO-MVS CHA256
    . NEO-MVS CHA256B
    . NEO-MVS CHA512Y
    . NEO-MVS CHAFIO (1999.6.14) - used with NEO-CMC 90G06C7042 or NEO-CMC 90G06C7050
    . MVS CHAFIO REV1.0 (KOF-2001)
    . NEO-MVS CHAFIO (SNK 2002) - MADE IN KOREA
    -- SNKPLAYMORE --
    . NEO-MVS CHAFIO (2003.7.24) - used only with NEO-CMC 90G06C7050

    -- SNK development boards --
    . NEO-MVS CHAMC2

    MVS PROG:
    -- SNK --
    . NEO-MVS PROG-NAM
    . NEO-MVS PROG-HERO
    . NEO-MVS PROG-EP
    . NEO-MVS PROG-8MB
    . NEO-MVS PROGEP8M
    . NEO-MVS PROG8M42
    . NEO-MVS PROG16
    . NEO-MVS PROG42G
    . NEO-MVS PROG42G-COM
    . NEO-MVS PROG42G-1
    . NEO-MVS PROG-G2
    . NEO-MVS PROG 4096
    . NEO-MVS PROG 4096 B
    . NEO-MVS PROGGSC
    . NEO-MVS PROGSM
    . NEO-MVS PROGSS3
    . NEO-MVS PROGTOP
    . NEO-MVS PROGSF1 (1998.6.17)
    . NEO-MVS PROGSF1E (1998.6.18)
    . NEO-MVS PROGEOP (1999.2.2)
    . NEO-MVS PROGLBA (1999.4.12) - LBA-SUB (2000.2.24)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK1 (1994)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK1 (2001)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK2 (2000.3.21) - used with NEO-PCM2 (1999 SNK) or NEO-PCM2 (2002 PLAYMORE)
    . MVS PROGBK2 REV1.0 (KOF-2001)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK2 (SNK 2002) - MADE IN KOREA
    -- SNKPLAYMORE --
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK2R (2003.8.26) - NEO-HYCS (2003.9.29)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK3R (2003.9.2) - NEO-HYCS (2003.9.29)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK3S (2003.10.1)
    . NEO-MVS PROGBK2S (2003.10.18)

    -- SNK development boards --
    . NEO-MVS PROGMC2


    AES CHA:
    -- SNK --
    . NEO-AEG CHA-32
    . NEO-AEG CHA-8M
    . NEO-AEG CHA42G
    . NEO-AEG CHA42G-1
    . NEO-AEG CHA42G-2B
    . NEO-AEG CHA42G-3
    . NEO-AEG CHA42G-4
    . NEO-AEG CHA256
    . NEO-AEG CHA256 B
    . NEO-AEG CHA256[B]
    . NEO-AEG CHA256BY
    . NEO-AEG CHA256RY
    . NEO-AEG CHA512Y
    . NEO-AEG CHAFIO (1999.8.10) - used with NEO-CMC 90G06C7042 or NEO-CMC 90G06C7050
    -- SNKPLAYMORE --
    . NEO-AEG CHAFIO (2003.7.24) - used only with NEO-CMC 90G06C7050

    AES PROG:
    -- SNK --
    . NEO-AEG PROG-NAM
    . NEO-AEG PROG-HERO
    . NEO-AEG PROG-4A
    . NEO-AEG PROG-4B
    . NEO-AEG PROG 8M42
    . NEO-AEG PROG B
    . NEO-AEG PROG16
    . NEO-AEG PROG42G
    . NEO-AEG PROG42G-COM
    . NEO-AEG PROG42G-1
    . NEO-AEG PROG-G2
    . NEO-AEG PROG4096 B
    . NEO-AEG PROGGS
    . NEO-AEG PROGTOP2
    . NEO-AEG PROGTOP2Y
    . NEO-AEG PROGEOP (1999.4.2)
    . NEO-AEG PROGLBA (1999.7.6)
    . NEO-AEG PROGRK
    . NEO-AEG PROGRKB
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK1Y
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK1F
    -- PLAYMORE --
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK2 (2002.4.1) - used with NEO-PCM2 (1999 SNK) or NEO-PCM2 (2002 PLAYMORE)
    -- SNKPLAYMORE --
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK3R (2003.8.29) - NEO-HYCS (2003.9.29)
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK3S (2003.10.6)
    . NEO-AEG PROGBK2S (2003.10.16)



    Cartridge colours:
    ==================

    MVS cartridges were produced in different colours.

    Known cartridge colours:
    . Black
    . Blue
    . Green
    . Grey
    . Red
    . Transparent
    . Transparent Blue
    . Transparent Green
    . White
    . Yellow

    The above listed only covers SNK / PLAYMORE / SNKPLAYMORE PCBs. There also exists a
    wide range of 'bootleg' PCBs.


    Unofficial pcb's from NG:DEV.TEAM:

    MVS CHA:
    GIGA CHAR Board 1.0 Rev. A
    GIGA CHAR Board 1.5 Rev. 0
    GIGA CHAR Board 1.5 Rev. C

    MVS PROG:
    GIGA PROG Board 1.0 Rev. B
    GIGA PROG Board 1.5 Rev. A
    GIGA PROG Board 1.5 Rev. C


    Unofficial pcb's from NEOBITZ:

    MVS CHA:
    CHARBITZ1 2013.12.01

    MVS PROG:
    PROGBITZ1 2013.12.01


    Neo-Geo game PCB infos by Johnboy



    MVS cart pinout:
    ================

    Kindly submitted by Apollo69 (apollo69@columbus.rr.com)
    =================================================================
                CTRG1                            CTRG2
    =================================================================
         GND = 01A | 01B = GND            GND = 01A | 01B = GND
         GND = 02A | 02B = GND            GND = 02A | 02B = GND
          P0 = 03A | 03B = P1             GND = 03A | 03B = GND
          P2 = 04A | 04B = P3             GND = 04A | 04B = GND
          P4 = 05A | 05B = P5              D0 = 05A | 05B = A1
          P6 = 06A | 06B = P7              D1 = 06A | 06B = A2
          P8 = 07A | 07B = P9              D2 = 07A | 07B = A3
         P10 = 08A | 08B = P11             D3 = 08A | 08B = A4
         P12 = 09A | 09B = P13             D4 = 09A | 09B = A5
         P14 = 10A | 10B = P15             D5 = 10A | 10B = A6
         P16 = 11A | 11B = P17             D6 = 11A | 11B = A7
         P18 = 12A | 12B = P19             D7 = 12A | 12B = A8
         P20 = 13A | 13B = P21             D8 = 13A | 13B = A9
         P22 = 14A | 14B = P23             D9 = 14A | 14B = A10
       PCK1B = 15A | 15B = 24M            D10 = 15A | 15B = A11
       PCK2B = 16A | 16B = 12M            D11 = 16A | 16B = A12
         2H1 = 17A | 17B = 8M             D12 = 17A | 17B = A13
         CA4 = 18A | 18B = RESET          D13 = 18A | 18B = A14
         CR0 = 19A | 19B = CR1            D14 = 19A | 19B = A15
         CR2 = 20A | 20B = CR3            D15 = 20A | 20B = A16
         CR4 = 21A | 21B = CR5            R/W = 21A | 21B = A17
         CR6 = 22A | 22B = CR7             AS = 22A | 22B = A18
         CR8 = 23A | 23B = CR9         ROMOEU = 23A | 23B = A19
        CR10 = 24A | 24B = CR11        ROMOEL = 24A | 24B = 68KCLKB
        CR12 = 25A | 25B = CR13       PORTOEU = 25A | 25B = ROMWAIT
        CR14 = 26A | 26B = CR15       PORTOEL = 26A | 26B = PWAIT0
        CR16 = 27A | 27B = CR17       PORTWEU = 27A | 27B = PWAIT1
        CR18 = 28A | 28B = CR19       PORTWEL = 28A | 28B = PDTACT
         VCC = 29A | 29B = VCC            VCC = 29A | 29B = VCC
         VCC = 30A | 30B = VCC            VCC = 30A | 30B = VCC
         VCC = 31A | 31B = VCC            VCC = 31A | 31B = VCC
         VCC = 32A | 32B = VCC            VCC = 32A | 32B = VCC
        CR20 = 33A | 33B = CR21      PORTADRS = 33A | 33B = 4MB
        CR22 = 34A | 34B = CR23            NC = 34A | 34B = ROMOE
        CR24 = 35A | 35B = CR25            NC = 35A | 35B = RESET
        CR26 = 36A | 36B = CR27            NC = 36A | 36B = NC
        CR28 = 37A | 37B = CR29            NC = 37A | 37B = NC
        CR30 = 38A | 38B = CR31            NC = 38A | 38B = NC
          NC = 39A | 39B = FIX00           NC = 39A | 39B = NC
          NC = 40A | 40B = FIX01           NC = 40A | 40B = NC
          NC = 41A | 41B = FIX02           NC = 41A | 41B = SDPAD0
     SYSTEMB = 42A | 42B = FIX03      SYSTEMB = 42A | 42B = SDPAD1
        SDA0 = 43A | 43B = FIX04        SDPA8 = 43A | 43B = SDPAD2
        SDA1 = 44A | 44B = FIX05        SDPA9 = 44A | 44B = SDPAD3
        SDA2 = 45A | 45B = FIX06       SDPA10 = 45A | 45B = SDPAD4
        SDA3 = 46A | 46B = FIX07       SDPA11 = 46A | 46B = SDPAD5
        SDA4 = 47A | 47B = SDRD0       SDPMPX = 47A | 47B = SDPAD6
        SDA5 = 48A | 48B = SDRD1        SDPOE = 48A | 48B = SDPAD7
        SDA6 = 49A | 49B = SDROM        SDRA8 = 49A | 49B = SDRA00
        SDA7 = 50A | 50B = SDMRD        SDRA9 = 50A | 50B = SDRA01
        SDA8 = 51A | 51B = SDDO        SDRA20 = 51A | 51B = SDRA02
        SDA9 = 52A | 52B = SDD1        SDRA21 = 52A | 52B = SDRA03
       SDA10 = 53A | 53B = SDD2        SDRA22 = 53A | 53B = SDRA04
       SDA11 = 54A | 54B = SDD3        SDRA23 = 54A | 54B = SDRA05
       SDA12 = 55A | 55B = SDD4        SDRMPX = 55A | 55B = SDRA06
       SDA13 = 56A | 56B = SDD5         SDROE = 56A | 56B = SDRA07
       SDA14 = 57A | 57B = SDD6           GND = 57A | 57B = GND
       SDA15 = 58A | 58B = SDD7           GND = 58A | 58B = GND
         GND = 59A | 59B = GND            GND = 59A | 59B = GND
         GND = 60A | 60B = GND            GND = 60A | 60B = GND

    CTRG1 (CHA)  = Contains gfx data ('C' - rom), text layer data ('S' - rom) and sound driver ('M' - rom)
    CTRG2 (PROG) = Contains sample data ('V' - rom) and program code ('P' - rom)

    NOTE: On CTRG2-B, The "A" lines start at "A1". If you trace this on an
    actual cart, you will see that this is actually "A0" (A0 - A18).

    These are from a very hard to read copy of the schematics, so
    I hope that I got the pin names correct.

    Apollo69 10/19/99


*****************************************************************************

    Watchdog:
    =========

    The watchdog timer will reset the system after ~0.13 seconds.
    By cgfm's research, exactly 3,244,030 cycles (based on 24MHz clock).

    Newer games force a reset using the following code (this from kof99):
        009CDA  203C 0003 0D40             MOVE.L   #0x30D40,D0
        009CE0  5380                       SUBQ.L   #1,D0
        009CE2  64FC                       BCC.S    *-0x2 [0x9CE0]
    Note however that there is a valid code path after this loop.

    The watchdog is used as a form of protection on a number of games,
    previously this was implemented as a specific hack which locked a single
    address of SRAM.

    What actually happens is if the game doesn't find valid data in the
    backup ram it will initialize it, then sit in a loop.  The watchdog
    should then reset the system while it is in this loop.  If the watchdog
    fails to reset the system the code will continue and set a value in
    backup ram to indiate that the protection check has failed.

****************************************************************************

    Mahjong Panel notes (2009-03 FP):
    =================================

    * In Service Mode menu with mahjong panel active, controls are as
      follows:

        A = select / up (for options)
        B = down (for options)
        C = go to previous menu
        E = up (for menu entries)
        F = down (for menu entries)
        G = left (for options)
        H = right (for options)

    * These only work with Japanese BIOS, but I think it's not a bug: I
      doubt other BIOS were programmed to be compatible with mahjong panels

****************************************************************************

    AES driver (home version of MVS)
    Current emulation status:
    - Cartridges run.
    - Riding Hero runs in slow-mo due to the unemulated comm link MCU in the cartridge.
      In MAME if dip SW6 is set to ON to enable link play, it runs the same way!
      On AES there are no dipswitches, and so it always tries to talk to the MCU.

****************************************************************************/

#include "emu.h"
#include "includes/neogeo.h"
#include "machine/nvram.h"
#include "machine/watchdog.h"
#include "softlist.h"
#include "neogeo.lh"


#define LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM         (0)
#define LOG_MAIN_CPU_BANKING     (0)
#define LOG_AUDIO_CPU_BANKING    (0)


/*************************************
 *
 *  Main CPU interrupt generation
 *
 *************************************/



// The display counter is automatically reloaded with the load register contents on scanline 224,
// 1146 mclks from the rising edge of /HSYNC.
#define NEOGEO_VBLANK_RELOAD_HTIM (attotime::from_ticks(1146, NEOGEO_MASTER_CLOCK))

#define IRQ2CTRL_ENABLE             (0x10)
#define IRQ2CTRL_LOAD_RELATIVE      (0x20)
#define IRQ2CTRL_AUTOLOAD_VBLANK    (0x40)
#define IRQ2CTRL_AUTOLOAD_REPEAT    (0x80)


void neogeo_state::adjust_display_position_interrupt_timer()
{
	attotime period = attotime::from_ticks((UINT64)m_display_counter + 1, NEOGEO_PIXEL_CLOCK);
	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("adjust_display_position_interrupt_timer  current y: %02x  current x: %02x   target y: %x  target x: %x\n", m_screen->vpos(), m_screen->hpos(), (m_display_counter + 1) / NEOGEO_HTOTAL, (m_display_counter + 1) % NEOGEO_HTOTAL);

	m_display_position_interrupt_timer->adjust(period);
}


void neogeo_state::set_display_position_interrupt_control(UINT16 data)
{
	m_display_position_interrupt_control = data;
}


void neogeo_state::set_display_counter_msb(UINT16 data)
{
	m_display_counter = (m_display_counter & 0x0000ffff) | ((UINT32)data << 16);

	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("PC %06x: set_display_counter %08x\n", m_maincpu->pc(), m_display_counter);
}


void neogeo_state::set_display_counter_lsb(UINT16 data)
{
	m_display_counter = (m_display_counter & 0xffff0000) | data;

	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("PC %06x: set_display_counter %08x\n", m_maincpu->pc(), m_display_counter);

	if (m_display_position_interrupt_control & IRQ2CTRL_LOAD_RELATIVE)
	{
		if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("AUTOLOAD_RELATIVE ");
		adjust_display_position_interrupt_timer();
	}
}


void neogeo_state::update_interrupts()
{
	m_maincpu->set_input_line(3, m_irq3_pending ? ASSERT_LINE : CLEAR_LINE);
	m_maincpu->set_input_line(m_raster_level, m_display_position_interrupt_pending ? ASSERT_LINE : CLEAR_LINE);
	m_maincpu->set_input_line(m_vblank_level, m_vblank_interrupt_pending ? ASSERT_LINE : CLEAR_LINE);
}


void neogeo_state::acknowledge_interrupt(UINT16 data)
{
	if (data & 0x01)
		m_irq3_pending = 0;
	if (data & 0x02)
		m_display_position_interrupt_pending = 0;
	if (data & 0x04)
		m_vblank_interrupt_pending = 0;

	update_interrupts();
}


TIMER_CALLBACK_MEMBER(neogeo_state::display_position_interrupt_callback)
{
	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("--- Scanline @ %d,%d\n", m_screen->vpos(), m_screen->hpos());

	if (m_display_position_interrupt_control & IRQ2CTRL_ENABLE)
	{
		if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("*** Scanline interrupt (IRQ2) ***  y: %02x  x: %02x\n", m_screen->vpos(), m_screen->hpos());
		m_display_position_interrupt_pending = 1;

		update_interrupts();
	}

	if (m_display_position_interrupt_control & IRQ2CTRL_AUTOLOAD_REPEAT)
	{
		if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("AUTOLOAD_REPEAT ");
		adjust_display_position_interrupt_timer();
	}
}


TIMER_CALLBACK_MEMBER(neogeo_state::display_position_vblank_callback)
{
	if (m_display_position_interrupt_control & IRQ2CTRL_AUTOLOAD_VBLANK)
	{
		if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("AUTOLOAD_VBLANK ");
		adjust_display_position_interrupt_timer();
	}

	/* set timer for next screen */
	m_display_position_vblank_timer->adjust(m_screen->time_until_pos(NEOGEO_VBSTART) + NEOGEO_VBLANK_RELOAD_HTIM);
}


TIMER_CALLBACK_MEMBER(neogeo_state::vblank_interrupt_callback)
{
	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM) logerror("+++ VBLANK @ %d,%d\n", m_screen->vpos(), m_screen->hpos());

	m_vblank_interrupt_pending = 1;
	update_interrupts();

	/* set timer for next screen */
	m_vblank_interrupt_timer->adjust(m_screen->time_until_pos(NEOGEO_VBSTART) + NEOGEO_VBLANK_IRQ_HTIM);
}


void neogeo_state::create_interrupt_timers()
{
	m_display_position_interrupt_timer = machine().scheduler().timer_alloc(timer_expired_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::display_position_interrupt_callback),this));
	m_display_position_vblank_timer = machine().scheduler().timer_alloc(timer_expired_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::display_position_vblank_callback),this));
	m_vblank_interrupt_timer = machine().scheduler().timer_alloc(timer_expired_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::vblank_interrupt_callback),this));
}


void neogeo_state::start_interrupt_timers()
{
	m_vblank_interrupt_timer->adjust(m_screen->time_until_pos(NEOGEO_VBSTART) + NEOGEO_VBLANK_IRQ_HTIM);
	m_display_position_vblank_timer->adjust(m_screen->time_until_pos(NEOGEO_VBSTART) + NEOGEO_VBLANK_RELOAD_HTIM);
}



/*************************************
 *
 *  Audio CPU interrupt generation
 *
 *************************************/

void neogeo_state::audio_cpu_check_nmi()
{
	m_audiocpu->set_input_line(INPUT_LINE_NMI, (m_audio_cpu_nmi_enabled && m_audio_cpu_nmi_pending) ? ASSERT_LINE : CLEAR_LINE);
}

WRITE8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::audio_cpu_enable_nmi_w)
{
	// out ($08) enables the nmi, out ($18) disables it
	m_audio_cpu_nmi_enabled = !(offset & 0x10);
	audio_cpu_check_nmi();
}



/*************************************
 *
 *  Input ports / Controllers
 *
 *************************************/

READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::in0_r)
{
	return ((m_edge->in0_r(space, offset) & m_ctrl1->ctrl_r(space, offset)) << 8) | m_dsw->read();
}

READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::in1_r)
{
	return ((m_edge->in1_r(space, offset) & m_ctrl2->ctrl_r(space, offset)) << 8) | 0xff;
}

CUSTOM_INPUT_MEMBER(neogeo_state::kizuna4p_start_r)
{
	return (m_edge->read_start_sel() & 0x05) | ~0x05;
}

WRITE8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::io_control_w)
{
	switch (offset)
	{
		case 0x00:
			if (m_ctrl1) m_ctrl1->write_ctrlsel(data);
			if (m_ctrl2) m_ctrl2->write_ctrlsel(data);
			if (m_edge) m_edge->write_ctrlsel(data);
			break;

		case 0x10:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
				if (m_slots[data] != nullptr) set_slot_idx(data);
			break;

		case 0x18:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
				set_output_latch(data);
			break;

		case 0x20:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
				set_output_data(data);
			break;

		case 0x28:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
			{
				m_upd4990a->data_in_w(data >> 0 & 1);
				m_upd4990a->clk_w(data >> 1 & 1);
				m_upd4990a->stb_w(data >> 2 & 1);
			}
			break;

//  case 0x30: break; // coin counters
//  case 0x31: break; // coin counters
//  case 0x32: break; // coin lockout
//  case 0x33: break; // coin lockout

		default:
			logerror("PC: %x  Unmapped I/O control write.  Offset: %x  Data: %x\n", space.device().safe_pc(), offset, data);
			break;
	}
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  Unmapped memory access
 *
 *************************************/

READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::unmapped_r)
{
	UINT16 ret;

	/* unmapped memory returns the last word on the data bus, which is almost always the opcode
	   of the next instruction due to prefetch */

	/* prevent recursion */
	if (m_recurse)
		ret = 0xffff;
	else
	{
		m_recurse = true;
		ret = space.read_word(space.device().safe_pc());
		m_recurse = false;
	}
	return ret;
}



/*************************************
 *
 *  NVRAM (Save RAM)
 *
 *************************************/

void neogeo_state::set_save_ram_unlock( UINT8 data )
{
	m_save_ram_unlocked = data;
}


WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::save_ram_w)
{
	if (m_save_ram_unlocked)
		COMBINE_DATA(&m_save_ram[offset]);
}



/*************************************
 *
 *  Memory card
 *
 *************************************/

CUSTOM_INPUT_MEMBER(neogeo_state::get_memcard_status)
{
	// D0 and D1 are memcard 1 and 2 presence indicators, D2 indicates memcard
	// write protect status (we are always write enabled)
	return (m_memcard->present() == -1) ? 0x07 : 0x00;
}


READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::memcard_r)
{
	m_maincpu->eat_cycles(2); // insert waitstate

	UINT16 ret;

	if (m_memcard->present() != -1)
		ret = m_memcard->read(space, offset) | 0xff00;
	else
		ret = 0xffff;

	return ret;
}


WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::memcard_w)
{
	m_maincpu->eat_cycles(2); // insert waitstate

	if (ACCESSING_BITS_0_7)
	{
		if (m_memcard->present() != -1)
				m_memcard->write(space, offset, data);
	}
}

/*************************************
 *
 *  Inter-CPU communications
 *
 *************************************/

WRITE8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::audio_command_w)
{
	m_soundlatch->write(space, 0, data);

	m_audio_cpu_nmi_pending = true;
	audio_cpu_check_nmi();

	/* boost the interleave to let the audio CPU read the command */
	machine().scheduler().boost_interleave(attotime::zero, attotime::from_usec(50));
}


READ8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::audio_command_r)
{
	UINT8 ret = m_soundlatch->read(space, 0);

	m_audio_cpu_nmi_pending = false;
	audio_cpu_check_nmi();

	return ret;
}


CUSTOM_INPUT_MEMBER(neogeo_state::get_audio_result)
{
	UINT8 ret = m_soundlatch2->read(m_audiocpu->space(AS_PROGRAM), 0);

	return ret;
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  Audio CPU banking
 *
 *************************************/

READ8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::audio_cpu_bank_select_r)
{
	m_bank_audio_cart[offset & 3]->set_entry(offset >> 8);

	return 0;
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  System control register
 *
 *************************************/

WRITE8_MEMBER(neogeo_state::system_control_w)
{
	UINT8 bit = (offset >> 3) & 0x01;

	switch (offset & 0x07)
	{
		default:
		case 0x00:
			set_screen_shadow(bit);
			break;

		case 0x01:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_CD)
				printf("NeoCD: write to regular vector change address? %d\n", bit); // what IS going on with "neocdz doubledr" and why do games write here if it's hooked up to nothing?
			else
				m_use_cart_vectors = bit;
			break;

		case 0x05:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
			{
				m_use_cart_audio = bit;
				m_sprgen->neogeo_set_fixed_layer_source(bit);
				m_bank_audio_main->set_entry(m_use_cart_audio);
			}
			break;

		case 0x06:
			if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
				set_save_ram_unlock(bit);
			break;

		case 0x07:
			set_palette_bank(bit);
			break;

		case 0x02: // memory card 1: write enable/disable
		case 0x03: // memory card 2: write disable/enable
		case 0x04: // memory card: register select enable/set to normal (what does it mean?)
			logerror("PC: %x  Unmapped system control write.  Offset: %x  Data: %x\n", space.device().safe_pc(), offset & 0x07, bit);
			break;
	}

	if (LOG_VIDEO_SYSTEM && ((offset & 0x07) != 0x06)) logerror("PC: %x  System control write.  Offset: %x  Data: %x\n", space.device().safe_pc(), offset & 0x07, bit);
}


WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_banksel)
{
	UINT32 len = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() == 0) ? m_region_maincpu->bytes() : m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size();

	if ((len <= 0x100000) && (data & 0x07))
		logerror("PC %06x: warning: bankswitch to %02x but no banks available\n", space.device().safe_pc(), data);
	else
	{
		int bank = data & 0x07;

		if ((bank + 1) * 0x100000 >= len)
		{
			logerror("PC %06x: warning: bankswitch to empty bank %02x\n", space.device().safe_pc(), data);
			bank = 0;
		}
		UINT8 *ROM = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() == 0) ? m_region_maincpu->base() : (UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base();
		m_bank_base = (bank + 1) * 0x100000;
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base(ROM + m_bank_base);
	}
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  LEDs
 *
 *************************************/

void neogeo_state::set_outputs(  )
{
	static const UINT8 led_map[0x10] =
		{ 0x3f,0x06,0x5b,0x4f,0x66,0x6d,0x7d,0x07,0x7f,0x6f,0x58,0x4c,0x62,0x69,0x78,0x00 };

	/* EL */
	output().set_digit_value(0, led_map[m_el_value]);

	/* LED1 */
	output().set_digit_value(1, led_map[m_led1_value >> 4]);
	output().set_digit_value(2, led_map[m_led1_value & 0x0f]);

	/* LED2 */
	output().set_digit_value(3, led_map[m_led2_value >> 4]);
	output().set_digit_value(4, led_map[m_led2_value & 0x0f]);
}


void neogeo_state::set_output_latch( UINT8 data )
{
	/* looks like the LEDs are set on the
	   falling edge */
	UINT8 falling_bits = m_output_latch & ~data;

	if (falling_bits & 0x08)
		m_el_value = 16 - (m_output_data & 0x0f);

	if (falling_bits & 0x10)
		m_led1_value = ~m_output_data;

	if (falling_bits & 0x20)
		m_led2_value = ~m_output_data;

	if (falling_bits & 0xc7)
		logerror("%s  Unmaped LED write.  Data: %x\n", machine().describe_context(), falling_bits);

	m_output_latch = data;

	set_outputs();
}


void neogeo_state::set_output_data( UINT8 data )
{
	m_output_data = data;
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  Bankswitch passthrus for cart-specific
 *  handling (temporary)
 *  These are installed in set_slot_idx
 *
 *************************************/

// FIXME: These are a temporary workaround for slot-driven bankswitch with protected carts.
// A cleaner implementation is in progress.

WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_bankprot)
{
	m_bank_base = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_bank_base(data);
	m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
}

WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_pvc)
{
	// write to cart ram
	m_slots[m_curr_slot]->protection_w(space, offset, data, mem_mask);

	// actual bankswitch
	if (offset >= 0xff8)
	{
		m_bank_base = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_bank_base(data);
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
	}
}

WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_kf2k3bl)
{
	// write to cart ram
	m_slots[m_curr_slot]->protection_w(space, offset, data, mem_mask);

	// actual bankswitch
	if (offset == 0x1ff0/2 || offset == 0x1ff2/2)
	{
		m_bank_base = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_bank_base(data);
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
	}
}

WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_ms5p)
{
	logerror("ms5plus bankswitch - offset: %06x PC %06x: set banking %04x\n", offset, space.device().safe_pc(), data);

	if ((offset == 0) && (data == 0xa0))
	{
		m_bank_base = 0xa0;
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
	}
	else if (offset == 2)
	{
		m_bank_base = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_bank_base(data);
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
	}
}

WRITE16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_kof10th)
{
	m_slots[m_curr_slot]->protection_w(space, offset, data, mem_mask);

	if (offset == 0xffff0/2)
	{
		// Standard bankswitch
		m_bank_base = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_bank_base(data);
		m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
	}
}

READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::read_lorom_kof10th)
{
	UINT16* rom = (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() > 0) ? m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() : (UINT16*)m_region_maincpu->base();
	if (offset + 0x80/2 >= 0x10000/2)
		offset += m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_special_bank();
	return rom[offset + 0x80/2];
}

/*************************************
 *
 *  Machine initialization
 *
 *************************************/

void neogeo_state::init_cpu()
{
	UINT8 *ROM = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() == 0) ? m_region_maincpu->base() : (UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base();
	UINT32 len = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() == 0) ? m_region_maincpu->bytes() : m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size();
	
	if (len > 0x100000)
		m_bank_base = 0x100000;
	else
		m_bank_base = 0;
	
	m_bank_cartridge->set_base(ROM + m_bank_base);
}

void neogeo_state::init_audio()
{
	UINT8 *ROM = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_audio_size() == 0) ? m_region_audiocpu->base() : m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_audio_base();
	UINT32 len = (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_audio_size() == 0) ? m_region_audiocpu->bytes() : m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_audio_size();
	UINT32 address_mask;

	/* audio bios/cartridge selection */
	m_bank_audio_main->configure_entry(0, (m_region_audiobios != nullptr) ? m_region_audiobios->base() : ROM); /* on hardware with no SM1 ROM, the cart ROM is always enabled */
	m_bank_audio_main->configure_entry(1, ROM);
	m_bank_audio_main->set_entry(1);

	/* audio banking */
	m_bank_audio_cart[0] = membank("audio_f000");
	m_bank_audio_cart[1] = membank("audio_e000");
	m_bank_audio_cart[2] = membank("audio_c000");
	m_bank_audio_cart[3] = membank("audio_8000");

	address_mask = (len - 0x10000 - 1) & 0x3ffff;
	for (int region = 0; region < 4; region++)
	{
		for (int bank = 0xff; bank >= 0; bank--)
		{
			UINT32 bank_address = 0x10000 + ((bank << (11 + region)) & address_mask);
			m_bank_audio_cart[region]->configure_entry(bank, &ROM[bank_address]);
		}
	}

	// set initial audio banks - THIS IS A HACK
	// Z80 banking is handled by the NEO-ZMC chip in the cartridge
	// (in later cartridges, by multifunction banking/protection chips that implement the same bank scheme)
	// On the real chip, initial banks are all 0.
	// However, early cartridges with less than 64KB of Z80 code and data don't have ROM banking at all.
	// These initial bank settings are required so non-banked games will work until we identify them
	// and use a different Z80 address map for them.
	m_bank_audio_cart[0]->set_entry(0x1e);
	m_bank_audio_cart[1]->set_entry(0x0e);
	m_bank_audio_cart[2]->set_entry(0x06);
	m_bank_audio_cart[3]->set_entry(0x02);
}

void neogeo_state::init_ym()
{
	UINT8 *ROM;
	UINT32 len;

	// Resetting a sound device causes the core to update() it and generate samples if it's not up to date.
	// Thus we preemptively reset it here while the old pointers are still valid so it's up to date and
	// doesn't generate samples below when we reset it for the new pointers.
	m_ym->reset();

	// all these region_free / region_alloc machinery is needed because current YM emulation does not allow
	// to pass a ROM pointer different from a "ymsnd" / "ymsnd.deltat" region, and therefore we need to copy
	// the ROM(s) from the cart to the corresponding region(s) with appropriate names...
	if (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ym_size())
	{
		ROM = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ym_base();
		len = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ym_size();
		if (memregion(":ymsnd"))
			machine().memory().region_free(":ymsnd");
		machine().memory().region_alloc(":ymsnd", len, 1, ENDIANNESS_LITTLE);
		memcpy(memregion(":ymsnd")->base(), ROM, len);
	}

	if (memregion(":ymsnd.deltat"))
		machine().memory().region_free(":ymsnd.deltat");
	if (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ymdelta_size())
	{
		ROM = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ymdelta_base();
		len = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_ymdelta_size();
		machine().memory().region_alloc(":ymsnd.deltat", len, 1, ENDIANNESS_LITTLE);
		memcpy(memregion(":ymsnd.deltat")->base(), ROM, len);
	}

	m_ym->reset(); // reset it again to get the new pointers
}

void neogeo_state::init_sprites()
{
	if (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_sprites_size() > 0)
	{
		m_sprgen->set_sprite_region(m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_sprites_base(), m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_sprites_size());
		m_sprgen->set_fixed_regions(m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_fixed_base(), m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_fixed_size(), m_region_fixedbios);
		if (!m_slots[m_curr_slot]->user_loadable())
			m_sprgen->optimize_sprite_data();
		else
			m_sprgen->set_optimized_sprite_data(m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_sprites_opt_base(), m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_sprites_opt_size() - 1);
		m_sprgen->m_fixed_layer_bank_type = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_fixed_bank_type();
	}
	else
	{
		m_sprgen->set_sprite_region(m_region_sprites->base(), m_region_sprites->bytes());
		m_sprgen->set_fixed_regions(m_region_fixed->base(), m_region_fixed->bytes(), m_region_fixedbios);
	}
}


void neogeo_state::set_slot_idx(int slot)
{
	if (slot != m_curr_slot)
	{
		address_space &space = m_maincpu->space(AS_PROGRAM);
		m_curr_slot = slot;
		m_bank_base = 0;

		if (!m_slots[m_curr_slot]->user_loadable())
			m_slots[m_curr_slot]->late_decrypt_all();

		// unmap any handler that previous carts could have installed
		space.unmap_readwrite(0x000080, 0x0fffff);
		space.unmap_readwrite(0x200000, 0x2fffff);
		if (!m_slots[m_curr_slot] || m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() == 0)
			space.install_rom(0x000080, 0x0fffff, (UINT16 *)m_region_maincpu->base() + 0x80/2);
		else
			space.install_rom(0x000080, 0x0fffff, (UINT16 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + 0x80/2);


		space.install_read_bank(0x200000, 0x2fffff, "cartridge");
		space.install_write_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2fffff, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_banksel),this));
		m_bank_cartridge = membank("cartridge");

		init_cpu();

		init_audio();
		m_audiocpu->reset(); // svc have no sound if in higher slots without this?

		init_ym();

		init_sprites();

		if (!m_slots[m_curr_slot]->user_loadable())
			m_slots[m_curr_slot]->set_cart_type(m_slots[m_curr_slot]->default_option());

		int type = m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_type();
		switch (type)
		{
			case NEOGEO_FATFURY2:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x200000, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF98:
				space.install_read_handler(0x00100, 0x00103, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_write_handler(0x20aaaa, 0x20aaab, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_MSLUGX:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x2fffe0, 0x2fffef, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF99:
				// addon_r here gives SMA random number
				space.install_write_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2ffff1, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe446, 0x2fe447, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2ffff8, 0x2ffff9, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2ffffa, 0x2ffffb, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_GAROU:
				// addon_r here gives SMA random number
				space.install_write_handler(0x2fffc0, 0x2fffc1, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe446, 0x2fe447, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fffcc, 0x2fffcd, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2ffff1, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_GAROUH:
				// addon_r here gives SMA random number
				space.install_write_handler(0x2fffc0, 0x2fffc1, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe446, 0x2fe447, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fffcc, 0x2fffcd, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2ffff1, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_MSLUG3:
				space.install_write_handler(0x2fffe4, 0x2fffe5, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe446, 0x2fe447, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				//space.install_read_handler(0x2ffff8, 0x2ffff9, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				//space.install_read_handler(0x2ffffa, 0x2ffffb, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K:
				// addon_r here gives SMA random number
				space.install_write_handler(0x2fffec, 0x2fffed, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe446, 0x2fe447, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fffd8, 0x2fffd9, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fffda, 0x2fffdb, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_MSLUG5:
			case NEOGEO_SVC:
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K3:
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K3H:
			case NEOGEO_SVCBOOT:
			case NEOGEO_SVCSPLUS:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x2fe000, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_pvc),this));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_CTHD2K3:
			case NEOGEO_CT2K3SP:
				space.install_write_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2ffff1, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot),this));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_MSLUG5P:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x2ffff0, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_ms5p),this));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOG:
				space.install_read_handler(0x0ffffe, 0x0fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K3B:
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K3UP:
				// addon_r here gives m_overlay member from bootleg protection (possibly hack?)
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x2fe000, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_kf2k3bl),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x58196, 0x58197, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF2K3P:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x2fe000, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_kf2k3bl),this));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_SBP:
				// there seems to be a protection device living around here..
				// if you nibble swap the data in the rom the game will boot
				// there are also writes to 0x1080..
				//
				// other stuff going on as well tho, the main overlay is still missing, and p1 inputs don't work
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x00200, 0x001fff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_KOF10TH:
				// addon_r here reads from ram2 bank
				space.install_read_handler(0x000080, 0x0dffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::read_lorom_kof10th),this));
				space.install_read_handler(0x0e0000, 0x0fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::addon_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				space.install_read_handler(0x2fe000, 0x2fffff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::protection_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				// REVIEW ME: we might possibly need to split this, by adding further write handlers
				space.install_write_handler(0x200000, 0x2fffff, write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::write_bankprot_kof10th),this));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_JOCKEYGP:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x200000, 0x201fff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::ram_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::ram_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				break;
			case NEOGEO_VLINER:
				space.install_readwrite_handler(0x200000, 0x201fff, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::ram_r),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]), write16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_cart_slot_device::ram_w),(neogeo_cart_slot_device*)m_slots[m_curr_slot]));
				// custom input handling... install it here for the moment.
				space.install_read_port(0x300000, 0x300001, 0x01ff7e, "DSW");
				space.install_read_port(0x280000, 0x280001, "IN5");
				space.install_read_port(0x2c0000, 0x2c0001, "IN6");
				break;
		}
	}
}

/*************************************
 *
 *  Machine start
 *
 *************************************/

void neogeo_state::common_machine_start()
{
	m_use_cart_vectors = 0;

	create_interrupt_timers();

	/* irq levels for MVS / AES */
	m_vblank_level = 1;
	m_raster_level = 2;

	/* start with an IRQ3 - but NOT on a reset */
	m_irq3_pending = 1;

	/* register state save */
	save_item(NAME(m_display_position_interrupt_control));
	save_item(NAME(m_display_counter));
	save_item(NAME(m_vblank_interrupt_pending));
	save_item(NAME(m_display_position_interrupt_pending));
	save_item(NAME(m_irq3_pending));
	save_item(NAME(m_audio_cpu_nmi_enabled));
	save_item(NAME(m_audio_cpu_nmi_pending));
	save_item(NAME(m_curr_slot));
	save_item(NAME(m_bank_base));
	save_item(NAME(m_use_cart_vectors));
	save_item(NAME(m_use_cart_audio));

	if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
	{
		save_item(NAME(m_save_ram_unlocked));
		save_item(NAME(m_output_data));
		save_item(NAME(m_output_latch));
		save_item(NAME(m_el_value));
		save_item(NAME(m_led1_value));
		save_item(NAME(m_led2_value));
	}

	machine().save().register_postload(save_prepost_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::neogeo_postload), this));
}

void neogeo_state::machine_start()
{
	m_type = NEOGEO_MVS;
	common_machine_start();

	// enable rtc and serial mode
	m_upd4990a->cs_w(1);
	m_upd4990a->oe_w(1);
	m_upd4990a->c0_w(1);
	m_upd4990a->c1_w(1);
	m_upd4990a->c2_w(1);

	if (m_slot1) { m_slots[0] = m_slot1; } else { m_slots[0] = nullptr; }
	if (m_slot2) { m_slots[1] = m_slot2; } else { m_slots[1] = nullptr; }
	if (m_slot3) { m_slots[2] = m_slot3; } else { m_slots[2] = nullptr; }
	if (m_slot4) { m_slots[3] = m_slot4; } else { m_slots[3] = nullptr; }
	if (m_slot5) { m_slots[4] = m_slot5; } else { m_slots[4] = nullptr; }
	if (m_slot6) { m_slots[5] = m_slot6; } else { m_slots[5] = nullptr; }

	m_sprgen->m_fixed_layer_bank_type = 0;
	m_sprgen->set_screen(m_screen);

	m_curr_slot = -1;
	set_slot_idx(0);
}


void neogeo_state::neogeo_postload()
{
	m_bank_audio_main->set_entry(m_use_cart_audio);

	if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS)
		set_outputs();
	if (m_type == NEOGEO_MVS || m_type == NEOGEO_AES)
		if (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() > 0)
			m_bank_cartridge->set_base((UINT8 *)m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() + m_bank_base);
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  Machine reset
 *
 *************************************/


void neogeo_state::machine_reset()
{
	offs_t offs;
	address_space &space = m_maincpu->space(AS_PROGRAM);

	// reset system control registers
	for (offs = 0; offs < 8; offs++)
		system_control_w(space, offs, 0);

	// disable audiocpu nmi
	m_audio_cpu_nmi_enabled = false;
	m_audio_cpu_nmi_pending = false;
	audio_cpu_check_nmi();

	m_maincpu->reset();

	start_interrupt_timers();

	// trigger the IRQ3 that was set by MACHINE_START
	update_interrupts();

	m_recurse = false;
}


/*************************************
 *
 *  Main CPU memory handlers
 *
 *************************************/


READ16_MEMBER(neogeo_state::banked_vectors_r)
{
	if (!m_use_cart_vectors)
	{
		UINT16* bios = (UINT16*)m_region_mainbios->base();
		return bios[offset];
	}
	else
	{
		UINT16* rom = (m_slots[m_curr_slot] && m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_size() > 0) ? m_slots[m_curr_slot]->get_rom_base() : (UINT16*)m_region_maincpu->base();
		return rom[offset];
	}
}

/*************************************
 *
 *  Main CPU memory handlers
 *
 *************************************/

ADDRESS_MAP_START( neogeo_main_map, AS_PROGRAM, 16, neogeo_state )

	AM_RANGE(0x100000, 0x10ffff) AM_MIRROR(0x0f0000) AM_RAM
	/* some games have protection devices in the 0x200000 region, it appears to map to cart space, not surprising, the ROM is read here too */
	AM_RANGE(0x300080, 0x300081) AM_MIRROR(0x01ff7e) AM_READ_PORT("TEST")
	AM_RANGE(0x300000, 0x300001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_DEVWRITE8("watchdog", watchdog_timer_device, reset_w, 0x00ff)
	AM_RANGE(0x320000, 0x320001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_READ_PORT("AUDIO/COIN") AM_WRITE8(audio_command_w, 0xff00)
	AM_RANGE(0x360000, 0x37ffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x380000, 0x380001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_READ_PORT("SYSTEM")
	AM_RANGE(0x380000, 0x38007f) AM_MIRROR(0x01ff80) AM_WRITE8(io_control_w, 0x00ff)
	AM_RANGE(0x3a0000, 0x3a001f) AM_MIRROR(0x01ffe0) AM_READ(unmapped_r) AM_WRITE8(system_control_w, 0x00ff)
	AM_RANGE(0x3c0000, 0x3c0007) AM_MIRROR(0x01fff8) AM_READ(video_register_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x3c0000, 0x3c000f) AM_MIRROR(0x01fff0) AM_WRITE(video_register_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x3e0000, 0x3fffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x400000, 0x401fff) AM_MIRROR(0x3fe000) AM_READWRITE(paletteram_r, paletteram_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x800000, 0x800fff) AM_READWRITE(memcard_r, memcard_w)
	AM_RANGE(0xc00000, 0xc1ffff) AM_MIRROR(0x0e0000) AM_ROM AM_REGION("mainbios", 0)
	AM_RANGE(0xd00000, 0xd0ffff) AM_MIRROR(0x0f0000) AM_RAM_WRITE(save_ram_w) AM_SHARE("saveram")
	AM_RANGE(0xe00000, 0xffffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
ADDRESS_MAP_END


static ADDRESS_MAP_START( main_map_slot, AS_PROGRAM, 16, neogeo_state )
	AM_RANGE(0x000000, 0x00007f) AM_READ(banked_vectors_r)
	AM_IMPORT_FROM( neogeo_main_map )
ADDRESS_MAP_END



READ16_MEMBER(aes_state::aes_in2_r)
{
	UINT32 ret = m_io_in2->read();
	ret = (ret & 0xfcff) | (m_ctrl1->read_start_sel() << 8);
	ret = (ret & 0xf3ff) | (m_ctrl2->read_start_sel() << 10);
	return ret;
}

static ADDRESS_MAP_START( aes_main_map, AS_PROGRAM, 16, aes_state )
	AM_RANGE(0x000000, 0x00007f) AM_READ(banked_vectors_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x100000, 0x10ffff) AM_MIRROR(0x0f0000) AM_RAM
	// some games have protection devices in the 0x200000 region, it appears to map to cart space, not surprising, the ROM is read here too
	AM_RANGE(0x300000, 0x300001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_DEVREAD8("ctrl1", neogeo_control_port_device, ctrl_r, 0xff00)
	AM_RANGE(0x320000, 0x320001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_READ_PORT("AUDIO") AM_WRITE8(audio_command_w, 0xff00)
	AM_RANGE(0x340000, 0x340001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_DEVREAD8("ctrl2", neogeo_control_port_device, ctrl_r, 0xff00)
	AM_RANGE(0x360000, 0x37ffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x380000, 0x380001) AM_MIRROR(0x01fffe) AM_READ(aes_in2_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x380000, 0x38007f) AM_MIRROR(0x01ff80) AM_WRITE8(io_control_w, 0x00ff)
	AM_RANGE(0x3a0000, 0x3a001f) AM_MIRROR(0x01ffe0) AM_READ(unmapped_r) AM_WRITE8(system_control_w, 0x00ff)
	AM_RANGE(0x3c0000, 0x3c0007) AM_MIRROR(0x01fff8) AM_READ(video_register_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x3c0000, 0x3c000f) AM_MIRROR(0x01fff0) AM_WRITE(video_register_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x3e0000, 0x3fffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x400000, 0x401fff) AM_MIRROR(0x3fe000) AM_READWRITE(paletteram_r, paletteram_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x800000, 0x800fff) AM_READWRITE(memcard_r, memcard_w)
	AM_RANGE(0xc00000, 0xc1ffff) AM_MIRROR(0x0e0000) AM_ROM AM_REGION("mainbios", 0)
	AM_RANGE(0xd00000, 0xffffff) AM_READ(unmapped_r)
ADDRESS_MAP_END


/*************************************
 *
 *  Audio CPU memory handlers
 *
 *************************************/

static ADDRESS_MAP_START( audio_map, AS_PROGRAM, 8, neogeo_state )
	AM_RANGE(0x0000, 0x7fff) AM_ROMBANK("audio_main")
	AM_RANGE(0x8000, 0xbfff) AM_ROMBANK("audio_8000")
	AM_RANGE(0xc000, 0xdfff) AM_ROMBANK("audio_c000")
	AM_RANGE(0xe000, 0xefff) AM_ROMBANK("audio_e000")
	AM_RANGE(0xf000, 0xf7ff) AM_ROMBANK("audio_f000")
	AM_RANGE(0xf800, 0xffff) AM_RAM
ADDRESS_MAP_END



/*************************************
 *
 *  Audio CPU port handlers
 *
 *************************************/

static ADDRESS_MAP_START( audio_io_map, AS_IO, 8, neogeo_state )
	AM_RANGE(0x00, 0x00) AM_MIRROR(0xff00) AM_READ(audio_command_r) AM_DEVWRITE("soundlatch", generic_latch_8_device, clear_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x04, 0x07) AM_MIRROR(0xff00) AM_DEVREADWRITE("ymsnd", ym2610_device, read, write)
	AM_RANGE(0x08, 0x08) AM_MIRROR(0xff00) AM_SELECT(0x0010) AM_WRITE(audio_cpu_enable_nmi_w)
	AM_RANGE(0x08, 0x0b) AM_MIRROR(0x00f0) AM_SELECT(0xff00) AM_READ(audio_cpu_bank_select_r)
	AM_RANGE(0x0c, 0x0c) AM_MIRROR(0xff00) AM_DEVWRITE("soundlatch2", generic_latch_8_device, write)
ADDRESS_MAP_END



/*************************************
 *
 *  Standard Neo-Geo DIPs and
 *  input port definition
 *
 *************************************/

INPUT_PORTS_START( neogeo )
	PORT_START("DSW")
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x01, 0x01, "Setting Mode" ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:1")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x01, DEF_STR( Off ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, DEF_STR( On ) )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x02, 0x02, DEF_STR( Cabinet ) ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:2")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x02, DEF_STR( Normal ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, "VS Mode" )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x04, 0x04, DEF_STR( Controller ) ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:3")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x04, DEF_STR( Joystick ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, "Mahjong Panel" )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x18, 0x18, "COMM Setting (Cabinet No.)" ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:4,5")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x18, "1" )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x10, "2" )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x08, "3" )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, "4" )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x20, 0x20, "COMM Setting (Link Enable)" ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:6")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x20, DEF_STR( Off ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, DEF_STR( On ) )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x40, 0x40, DEF_STR( Free_Play ) ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:7")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x40, DEF_STR( Off ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, DEF_STR( On ) )
	PORT_DIPNAME( 0x80, 0x80, "Freeze" ) PORT_DIPLOCATION("SW:8")
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x80, DEF_STR( Off ) )
	PORT_DIPSETTING(    0x00, DEF_STR( On ) )

	PORT_START("SYSTEM")
	PORT_BIT( 0x00ff, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0100, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_START1 )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0200, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_OTHER ) PORT_NAME("Next Game") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_3)
	PORT_BIT( 0x0400, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_START2 )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0800, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_OTHER ) PORT_NAME("Previous Game") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_4)
	PORT_BIT( 0x7000, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_CUSTOM ) PORT_CUSTOM_MEMBER(DEVICE_SELF, neogeo_state, get_memcard_status, nullptr)
	PORT_BIT( 0x8000, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_SPECIAL ) /* Hardware type (AES=0, MVS=1). Some games check this and show a piracy warning screen if the hardware and BIOS don't match */

	PORT_START("AUDIO/COIN")
	PORT_BIT( 0x0001, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_COIN1 )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0002, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_COIN2 )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0004, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_SERVICE1 )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0008, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_COIN3 ) /* What is this? "us-e" BIOS uses it as a coin input; Universe BIOS uses it to detect MVS or AES hardware */
	PORT_BIT( 0x0010, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_COIN4 ) /* What is this? "us-e" BIOS uses it as a coin input; Universe BIOS uses it to detect MVS or AES hardware */
	PORT_BIT( 0x0020, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_SPECIAL ) /* what is this? When ACTIVE_HIGH + IN4 bit 6 ACTIVE_LOW MVS-4 slot is detected */
	PORT_BIT( 0x0040, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_SPECIAL ) PORT_READ_LINE_DEVICE_MEMBER("upd4990a", upd1990a_device, tp_r)
	PORT_BIT( 0x0080, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_SPECIAL ) PORT_READ_LINE_DEVICE_MEMBER("upd4990a", upd1990a_device, data_out_r)
	PORT_BIT( 0xff00, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_CUSTOM ) PORT_CUSTOM_MEMBER(DEVICE_SELF, neogeo_state,get_audio_result, nullptr)

	PORT_START("TEST")
	PORT_BIT( 0x003f, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_UNUSED )
	PORT_BIT( 0x0040, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_SPECIAL ) /* what is this? If ACTIVE_LOW, MVS-6 slot detected, when ACTIVE_HIGH MVS-1 slot (AES) detected */
	PORT_SERVICE_NO_TOGGLE( 0x0080, IP_ACTIVE_LOW )
	PORT_BIT( 0xff00, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED )
INPUT_PORTS_END

static INPUT_PORTS_START( neogeo_6slot )
	PORT_INCLUDE( neogeo )

	PORT_MODIFY("TEST")
	PORT_BIT( 0x0040, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_SPECIAL )
INPUT_PORTS_END



INPUT_PORTS_START( aes )
	PORT_START("IN2")
	PORT_BIT( 0x0fff, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED )
	// Start & Select are read from controller slot device
	PORT_BIT( 0x7000, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_CUSTOM ) PORT_CUSTOM_MEMBER(DEVICE_SELF, neogeo_state, get_memcard_status, nullptr)
	PORT_BIT( 0x8000, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_SPECIAL ) /* Hardware type (AES=0, MVS=1) Some games check this and show a piracy warning screen if the hardware and BIOS don't match */

	PORT_START("AUDIO")
	PORT_BIT( 0x0007, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_UNUSED )  /* AES has no coin slots, it's a console */
	PORT_BIT( 0x0018, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_UNKNOWN ) /* what is this? Universe BIOS uses these bits to detect MVS or AES hardware */
	PORT_BIT( 0x00e0, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_UNUSED )  /* AES has no upd4990a */
	PORT_BIT( 0xff00, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_CUSTOM ) PORT_CUSTOM_MEMBER(DEVICE_SELF, neogeo_state, get_audio_result, nullptr)

	PORT_START("JP") // JP1 and JP2 are jumpers or solderpads depending on AES board revision, intended for use on the Development BIOS
	PORT_BIT( 0x01, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_OTHER ) PORT_NAME("Short JP1 (Debug Monitor)") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_F1) PORT_CHANGED_MEMBER(DEVICE_SELF, aes_state, aes_jp1, 0)
//  PORT_BIT( 0x02, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_OTHER ) // what is JP2 for? somehow related to system reset, disable watchdog?
INPUT_PORTS_END

INPUT_CHANGED_MEMBER(aes_state::aes_jp1)
{
	// Shorting JP1 causes a 68000 /BERR (Bus Error). On Dev Bios, this pops up the debug monitor.
	if (newval)
		m_maincpu->set_input_line(M68K_LINE_BUSERROR, HOLD_LINE);
}




/*************************************
 *
 *  Machine driver
 *
 *************************************/

MACHINE_CONFIG_START( neogeo_base, neogeo_state )

	/* basic machine hardware */
	MCFG_CPU_ADD("maincpu", M68000, NEOGEO_MAIN_CPU_CLOCK)
	MCFG_CPU_PROGRAM_MAP(neogeo_main_map)

	MCFG_CPU_ADD("audiocpu", Z80, NEOGEO_AUDIO_CPU_CLOCK)
	MCFG_CPU_PROGRAM_MAP(audio_map)
	MCFG_CPU_IO_MAP(audio_io_map)

	MCFG_WATCHDOG_ADD("watchdog")

	/* video hardware */
	MCFG_DEFAULT_LAYOUT(layout_neogeo)

	MCFG_SCREEN_ADD("screen", RASTER)
	MCFG_SCREEN_RAW_PARAMS(NEOGEO_PIXEL_CLOCK, NEOGEO_HTOTAL, NEOGEO_HBEND, NEOGEO_HBSTART, NEOGEO_VTOTAL, NEOGEO_VBEND, NEOGEO_VBSTART)
	MCFG_SCREEN_UPDATE_DRIVER(neogeo_state, screen_update_neogeo)

	/* 4096 colors * two banks * normal and shadow */
	MCFG_PALETTE_ADD_INIT_BLACK("palette", 4096*2*2)

	MCFG_DEVICE_ADD("spritegen", NEOGEO_SPRITE_OPTIMZIED, 0)

	/* audio hardware */
	MCFG_SPEAKER_STANDARD_STEREO("lspeaker", "rspeaker")

	MCFG_GENERIC_LATCH_8_ADD("soundlatch")
	MCFG_GENERIC_LATCH_8_ADD("soundlatch2")

	MCFG_SOUND_ADD("ymsnd", YM2610, NEOGEO_YM2610_CLOCK)
	MCFG_YM2610_IRQ_HANDLER(INPUTLINE("audiocpu", 0))
	MCFG_SOUND_ROUTE(0, "lspeaker", 0.28)
	MCFG_SOUND_ROUTE(0, "rspeaker", 0.28)
	MCFG_SOUND_ROUTE(1, "lspeaker", 0.98)
	MCFG_SOUND_ROUTE(2, "rspeaker", 0.98)

MACHINE_CONFIG_END


MACHINE_CONFIG_DERIVED( neogeo_arcade, neogeo_base )
	MCFG_CPU_MODIFY("maincpu")
	MCFG_CPU_PROGRAM_MAP(main_map_slot)

	MCFG_WATCHDOG_MODIFY("watchdog")
	MCFG_WATCHDOG_TIME_INIT(attotime::from_ticks(3244030, NEOGEO_MASTER_CLOCK))
	MCFG_UPD4990A_ADD("upd4990a", XTAL_32_768kHz, NOOP, NOOP)

	MCFG_NVRAM_ADD_0FILL("saveram")
	MCFG_NEOGEO_MEMCARD_ADD("memcard")

	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_EDGE_CONNECTOR_ADD("edge", neogeo_arc_edge, "joy", true)

	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl1", neogeo_arc_pin15, "", true)
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl2", neogeo_arc_pin15, "", true)
MACHINE_CONFIG_END


// configurable slot
// for the moment we use only the six slot version, but we might want to support other PCBs as well
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT(_tag)    \
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CARTRIDGE_ADD(_tag, neogeo_cart, nullptr)

// a single cartslot (MV-1 and later)
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_ONE_CARTSLOT    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot1")

// two cartslots (MV-2F)
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_TWO_CARTSLOTS    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot1")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot2")

// four cartslots (MV-4F)
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_FOUR_CARTSLOTS    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot1")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot2")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot3")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot4")

// six cartslots (MV-6F)
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_SIX_CARTSLOTS    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot1")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot2")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot3")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot4")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot5")    \
	NEOGEO_CONFIG_CARTSLOT("cslot6")


// non-configurable slot (to be used for non-softlist sets, until we introduce some 'template' concept)
// a single cart in slot 1, with pre-defined cart type
#define NEOGEO_CONFIG_ONE_FIXED_CARTSLOT(_default)    \
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CARTRIDGE_ADD("cslot1", neogeo_cart, _default)    \
	MCFG_SET_IMAGE_LOADABLE(FALSE)

static MACHINE_CONFIG_DERIVED( mvs, neogeo_arcade )
	MCFG_DEVICE_REMOVE("edge")
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_EDGE_CONNECTOR_ADD("edge", neogeo_arc_edge, "joy", false)

	MCFG_DEVICE_REMOVE("ctrl1")
	MCFG_DEVICE_REMOVE("ctrl2")
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl1", neogeo_arc_pin15, "", false)
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl2", neogeo_arc_pin15, "", false)

	NEOGEO_CONFIG_SIX_CARTSLOTS

	MCFG_SOFTWARE_LIST_ADD("cart_list", "neogeo")
MACHINE_CONFIG_END



MACHINE_START_MEMBER(aes_state, aes)
{
	m_type = NEOGEO_AES;
	common_machine_start();

	m_slots[0] = m_slot1;
	m_slots[1] = nullptr;
	m_slots[2] = nullptr;
	m_slots[3] = nullptr;
	m_slots[4] = nullptr;
	m_slots[5] = nullptr;

	m_sprgen->m_fixed_layer_bank_type = 0;
	m_sprgen->set_screen(m_screen);

	m_curr_slot = -1;
	set_slot_idx(0);

	/* AES has no SFIX ROM and always uses the cartridge's */
	m_sprgen->neogeo_set_fixed_layer_source(1);
}


static MACHINE_CONFIG_DERIVED_CLASS( aes, neogeo_base, aes_state )
	MCFG_CPU_MODIFY("maincpu")
	MCFG_CPU_PROGRAM_MAP(aes_main_map)

	MCFG_NEOGEO_MEMCARD_ADD("memcard")

	MCFG_MACHINE_START_OVERRIDE(aes_state, aes)

	MCFG_NEOGEO_CARTRIDGE_ADD("cslot1", neogeo_cart, nullptr)

	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl1", neogeo_controls, "joy", false)
	MCFG_NEOGEO_CONTROL_PORT_ADD("ctrl2", neogeo_controls, "joy", false)

	MCFG_SOFTWARE_LIST_ADD("cart_list","neogeo")
	MCFG_SOFTWARE_LIST_FILTER("cart_list","AES")
MACHINE_CONFIG_END



/*************************************
 *
 *  Neo-Geo bios
 *
 *************************************

    These are the known Bios Roms, Set options.bios to the one you want.

    The Universe bios roms are supported because they're now used on enough PCBs
    to be considered 'in active arcade use' rather than just homebrew hacks.
    Some may be missing, there have been multiple CRCs reported for the same
    revision in some cases (the Universe bios has an option for entering / displaying
    a serial number; these should be noted as such if they're added).
    Universe bios prior to version 1.3 was incompatible with AES.

    The 'japan-hotel' BIOS is a dump of an MVS which could be found in some japanese
    hotels. it is a custom MVS mobo which uses MVS carts but it hasn't jamma
    connector and it's similar to a console with a coin mechanism, so it's a sort
    of little coin op console installed in hotels.

    The sp-45.sp1 bios is the latest 'ASIA' revision. Japan-j3.bin is the latest 'JAPAN'
    revision. Both of them are also used in the sp-4x.sp1 bios of the Jamma PCB boards.

    The current Neo-Geo MVS system set (SFIX/SM1/000-LO) used is from a NEO-MVH MV1FS board.
    Other boards (MV1xx / MV2x / MV4x /MV6x) other system sets?

    Zoom ROM (LO)    128K   TC531000CP      1x 128Kx8   Zoom look-up table ROM
    Fix ROM (SFIX)   128K   27C1000         1x 128Kx8   Text layer graphics ROM
    Sound ROM (SM1)  128K   27C1000/23C1000 1x 128Kx8   Z80 program ROM

*/

#define ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS(bios,name,offset,length,hash) \
		ROMX_LOAD(name, offset, length, hash, ROM_GROUPWORD | ROM_REVERSE | ROM_BIOS(bios+1)) /* Note '+1' */

#define NEOGEO_UNIBIOS(x) \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 0, "unibios32", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 3.2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 0, "uni-bios_3_2.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(a4e8b9b3) SHA1(c92f18c3f1edda543d264ecd0ea915240e7c8258) ) /* Universe Bios v3.2 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 1, "unibios31", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 3.1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 1, "uni-bios_3_1.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(0c58093f) SHA1(29329a3448c2505e1ff45ffa75e61e9693165153) ) /* Universe Bios v3.1 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 2, "unibios30", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 3.0)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 2, "uni-bios_3_0.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(a97c89a9) SHA1(97a5eff3b119062f10e31ad6f04fe4b90d366e7f) ) /* Universe Bios v3.0 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 3, "unibios23", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 2.3)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 3, "uni-bios_2_3.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(27664eb5) SHA1(5b02900a3ccf3df168bdcfc98458136fd2b92ac0) ) /* Universe Bios v2.3 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 4, "unibios23o", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 2.3, older?)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 4, "uni-bios_2_3o.rom", 0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(601720ae) SHA1(1b8a72c720cdb5ee3f1d735bbcf447b09204b8d9) ) /* Universe Bios v2.3 (hack) alt version, withdrawn? */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 5, "unibios22", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 2.2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 5, "uni-bios_2_2.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(2d50996a) SHA1(5241a4fb0c63b1a23fd1da8efa9c9a9bd3b4279c) ) /* Universe Bios v2.2 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 6, "unibios21", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 2.1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 6, "uni-bios_2_1.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(8dabf76b) SHA1(c23732c4491d966cf0373c65c83c7a4e88f0082c) ) /* Universe Bios v2.1 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 7, "unibios20", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 2.0)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 7, "uni-bios_2_0.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(0c12c2ad) SHA1(37bcd4d30f3892078b46841d895a6eff16dc921e) ) /* Universe Bios v2.0 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 8, "unibios13", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 1.3)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 8, "uni-bios_1_3.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(b24b44a0) SHA1(eca8851d30557b97c309a0d9f4a9d20e5b14af4e) ) /* Universe Bios v1.3 (hack) */
#define NEOGEO_UNIBIOS_1_2_AND_OLDER(x) \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+ 9, "unibios12", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 1.2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+ 9, "uni-bios_1_2.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(4fa698e9) SHA1(682e13ec1c42beaa2d04473967840c88fd52c75a) ) /* Universe Bios v1.2 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+10, "unibios12o", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 1.2, older)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+10, "uni-bios_1_2o.rom", 0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(e19d3ce9) SHA1(af88ef837f44a3af2d7144bb46a37c8512b67770) ) /* Universe Bios v1.2 (hack) alt version */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+11, "unibios11", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 1.1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+11, "uni-bios_1_1.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(5dda0d84) SHA1(4153d533c02926a2577e49c32657214781ff29b7) ) /* Universe Bios v1.1 (hack) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( x+12, "unibios10", "Universe Bios (Hack, Ver. 1.0)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( x+12, "uni-bios_1_0.rom",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(0ce453a0) SHA1(3b4c0cd26c176fc6b26c3a2f95143dd478f6abf9) ) /* Universe Bios v1.0 (hack) */

#define NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION16_BE( 0x80000, "mainbios", 0 ) \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 0, "euro", "Europe MVS (Ver. 2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 0, "sp-s2.sp1",         0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(9036d879) SHA1(4f5ed7105b7128794654ce82b51723e16e389543) ) /* Europe, 1 Slot, has also been found on 2 Slot and 4 Slot (the old hacks were designed for this one) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 1, "euro-s1", "Europe MVS (Ver. 1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 1, "sp-s.sp1",          0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(c7f2fa45) SHA1(09576ff20b4d6b365e78e6a5698ea450262697cd) ) /* Europe, 4 Slot */ \
	\
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 2, "us", "US MVS (Ver. 2?)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 2, "sp-u2.sp1",         0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(e72943de) SHA1(5c6bba07d2ec8ac95776aa3511109f5e1e2e92eb) ) /* US, 2 Slot */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 3, "us-e", "US MVS (Ver. 1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 3, "sp-e.sp1",          0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(2723a5b5) SHA1(5dbff7531cf04886cde3ef022fb5ca687573dcb8) ) /* US, 6 Slot (V5?) */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 4, "us-v2", "US MVS (4 slot, Ver 2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 4, "v2.bin",            0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(62f021f4) SHA1(62d372269e1b3161c64ae21123655a0a22ffd1bb) ) /* US, 4 slot */ \
	\
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 5, "asia", "Asia MVS (Ver. 3)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 5, "asia-s3.rom",       0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(91b64be3) SHA1(720a3e20d26818632aedf2c2fd16c54f213543e1) ) /* Asia */ \
	\
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 6, "japan", "Japan MVS (Ver. 3)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 6, "vs-bios.rom",       0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(f0e8f27d) SHA1(ecf01eda815909f1facec62abf3594eaa8d11075) ) /* Japan, Ver 6 VS Bios */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 7, "japan-s2", "Japan MVS (Ver. 2)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 7, "sp-j2.sp1",         0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(acede59c) SHA1(b6f97acd282fd7e94d9426078a90f059b5e9dd91) ) /* Japan, Older */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 8, "japan-s1", "Japan MVS (Ver. 1)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 8, "sp1.jipan.1024",    0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(9fb0abe4) SHA1(18a987ce2229df79a8cf6a84f968f0e42ce4e59d) ) /* Japan, Older */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 9, "mv1c", "NEO-MVH MV1C" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 9, "sp-45.sp1",         0x00000, 0x080000, CRC(03cc9f6a) SHA1(cdf1f49e3ff2bac528c21ed28449cf35b7957dc1) ) /* Latest Asia bios */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 10, "japan-j3", "Japan MVS (J3)" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 10, "japan-j3.bin",     0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(dff6d41f) SHA1(e92910e20092577a4523a6b39d578a71d4de7085) ) /* Latest Japan bios; correct chip label unknown */ \
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 11, "japan-hotel", "Custom Japanese Hotel" ) \
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 11, "sp-1v1_3db8c.bin", 0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(162f0ebe) SHA1(fe1c6dd3dfcf97d960065b1bb46c1e11cb7bf271) ) /* 'rare MVS found in japanese hotels' shows v1.3 in test mode */ \
	\
	NEOGEO_UNIBIOS(12) \
	NEOGEO_UNIBIOS_1_2_AND_OLDER(12)


#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_64K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "cslot1:audiocpu", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x10000, hash ) \
	ROM_RELOAD(     0x10000, 0x10000 ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_128K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x30000, "cslot1:audiocpu", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x20000, hash ) \
	ROM_RELOAD(     0x10000, 0x20000 ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_256K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x50000, "cslot1:audiocpu", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x40000, hash ) \
	ROM_RELOAD(     0x10000, 0x40000 ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_512K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x90000, "cslot1:audiocpu", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x80000, hash ) \
	ROM_RELOAD(     0x10000, 0x80000 ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )


#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_ENCRYPTED_128K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x90000, "cslot1:audiocpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x80000, "cslot1:audiocrypt", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x20000, hash ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_ENCRYPTED_256K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x90000, "cslot1:audiocpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x80000, "cslot1:audiocrypt", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x00000, 0x40000, hash ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
#define NEO_BIOS_AUDIO_ENCRYPTED_512K(name, hash) \
	NEOGEO_BIOS \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x90000, "cslot1:audiocpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x80000, "cslot1:audiocrypt", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name,      0x00000, 0x80000, hash ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )



#define NEO_SFIX_64K(name, hash) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "cslot1:fixed", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x000000, 0x10000, hash ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "fixedbios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sfix.sfix", 0x000000, 0x20000, CRC(c2ea0cfd) SHA1(fd4a618cdcdbf849374f0a50dd8efe9dbab706c3) ) \
	ROM_Y_ZOOM

#define NEO_SFIX_128K(name, hash) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "cslot1:fixed", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( name, 0x000000, 0x20000, hash ) \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "fixedbios", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "sfix.sfix", 0x000000, 0x20000, CRC(c2ea0cfd) SHA1(fd4a618cdcdbf849374f0a50dd8efe9dbab706c3) ) \
	ROM_Y_ZOOM

#define ROM_Y_ZOOM \
	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "zoomy", 0 ) \
	ROM_LOAD( "000-lo.lo", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(5a86cff2) SHA1(5992277debadeb64d1c1c64b0a92d9293eaf7e4a) )



/* dummy entry for the dummy bios driver */
ROM_START( neogeo )
	NEOGEO_BIOS

	ROM_REGION( 0x100000, "maincpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "audiobios", 0 )
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) )

	ROM_REGION( 0x50000, "audiocpu", 0 )
	ROM_LOAD( "sm1.sm1", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(94416d67) SHA1(42f9d7ddd6c0931fd64226a60dc73602b2819dcf) )

	ROM_Y_ZOOM

	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "fixed", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "fixedbios", 0 )
	ROM_LOAD( "sfix.sfix", 0x000000, 0x20000, CRC(c2ea0cfd) SHA1(fd4a618cdcdbf849374f0a50dd8efe9dbab706c3) )

	ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x100000, "sprites", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
ROM_END


ROM_START( aes )
	ROM_REGION16_BE( 0x20000, "mainbios", 0 )
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 0, "asia", "Asia AES" )
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 0, "neo-epo.bin",  0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(d27a71f1) SHA1(1b3b22092f30c4d1b2c15f04d1670eb1e9fbea07) ) /* AES Console (Asia?) Bios */
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 1, "japan", "Japan AES" )
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 1, "neo-po.bin",   0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(16d0c132) SHA1(4e4a440cae46f3889d20234aebd7f8d5f522e22c) ) /* AES Console (Japan) Bios */
	ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS( 2, "devel", "Development System ROM" )
	ROM_LOAD16_WORD_SWAP_BIOS( 2, "neodebug.rom", 0x00000, 0x020000, CRC(698ebb7d) SHA1(081c49aa8cc7dad5939833dc1b18338321ea0a07) ) /* Official debug (development) ROM, for home-use base board */
	NEOGEO_UNIBIOS(3)

	ROM_REGION( 0x200000, "maincpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x90000, "audiocpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "zoomy", 0 )
	ROM_LOAD( "000-lo.lo", 0x00000, 0x20000, CRC(5a86cff2) SHA1(5992277debadeb64d1c1c64b0a92d9293eaf7e4a) )

	ROM_REGION( 0x20000, "fixed", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x1000000, "ymsnd", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x1000000, "ymsnd.deltat", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )

	ROM_REGION( 0x900000, "sprites", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
ROM_END



DRIVER_INIT_MEMBER(neogeo_state, neogeo)
{
	// install controllers
	if (m_ctrl1)
		m_maincpu->space(AS_PROGRAM).install_read_handler(0x300000, 0x300001, 0, 0x01ff7e, 0, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::in0_r), this));
	if (m_ctrl2)
		m_maincpu->space(AS_PROGRAM).install_read_handler(0x340000, 0x340001, 0, 0x01fffe, 0, read16_delegate(FUNC(neogeo_state::in1_r), this));
}


/*    YEAR  NAME    PARENT  COMPAT MACHINE   INPUT          INIT    */
CONS( 1990, neogeo, 0,      0,     mvs,      neogeo_6slot,  neogeo_state,   neogeo,  "SNK", "Neo-Geo", MACHINE_IS_BIOS_ROOT | MACHINE_SUPPORTS_SAVE )
CONS( 1990, aes,    0,      0,     aes,      aes,           driver_device,  0,       "SNK", "Neo-Geo AES", MACHINE_SUPPORTS_SAVE )


// Include standalone drivers for the single games
#include "neodriv.hxx"