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authorGravatarGravatar hap <happppp@users.noreply.github.com>2019-02-19 14:21:40 +0100
committerGravatarGravatar hap <happppp@users.noreply.github.com>2019-02-19 14:22:06 +0100
commitd85f8b5d0ded785f0d5abe913fecf47586df9b32 (patch) (github)
tree5af95be6f03f1dd77c330658c4c80f5b518ad5b0
parentaef98d52ed42aaf67b0c48708111b81ca86b6a99 (diff)
downloadmame-d85f8b5d0ded785f0d5abe913fecf47586df9b32.tar.bz2
mame-d85f8b5d0ded785f0d5abe913fecf47586df9b32.zip
volt_reg: set default m_output (nw)
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2dx1.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2sam.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/cbus/pc9801_86.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/centronics/covox.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/centronics/digiblst.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/centronics/epson_lx810l.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/coco/coco_orch90.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/cpc/amdrum.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/cpc/magicsound.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/isa/dectalk.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/isa/p1_sound.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/isa/sblaster.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/isa/stereo_fx.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/msx_cart/konami.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/msx_cart/majutsushi.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/pet/2joysnd.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/bus/pet/cb2snd.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/sound/ad1848.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/devices/sound/volt_reg.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/devices/sound/volt_reg.h2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/alesis.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/csd.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/gottlieb.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/harddriv.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/leland.cpp4
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/midway.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/n8080.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/nichisnd.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/s11c_bg.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/segag80r.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/spacefb.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/targ.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/williams.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/wpcsnd.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/audio/zaccaria.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/20pacgal.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/4004clk.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/40love.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/aa310.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/advision.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/alpha68k.cpp4
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/apple3.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/applix.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/aristmk5.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/armedf.cpp5
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/atari400.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/atari_s1.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/atari_s2.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/bigevglf.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/bking.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/bw12.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/bwing.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/byvid.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/calchase.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/camplynx.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/capbowl.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cc40.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cchasm.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/champbas.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/chsuper.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/circusc.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cking_master.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cntsteer.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/coco12.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/coolpool.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cop01.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cosmic.cpp4
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/craft.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cubeqst.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cvs.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cxg_ch2001.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/cyberbal.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/dectalk.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/equites.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ertictac.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/esripsys.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/exterm.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fantland.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_as12.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_cc7.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_chesster.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_csc.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_dames.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_desdis.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_eag68k.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_elite.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_excel.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_phantom.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc12.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc6.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc8.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc9.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/fidelbase.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/finalizr.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/flstory.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/galaxian.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/galeb.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/galivan.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/gamecom.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/gba.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/gei.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/go2000.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/gp32.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hankin.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hapyfish.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/harddriv.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hh_cop400.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/homedata.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/homelab.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hp48.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hp80.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hyhoo.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/hyperspt.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/instantm.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/jaguar.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/jankenmn.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/juicebox.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/junofrst.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/kchamp.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/kingobox.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/konamim2.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ksayakyu.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ladyfrog.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/laserbas.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/lasso.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/lazercmd.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/leland.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/littlerb.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/looping.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/luckybal.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/m72.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/m90.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mac.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mac128.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/magicfly.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mappy.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/matmania.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mc10.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/meadows.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/megazone.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mephistp.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/meyc8080.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/meyc8088.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/microvsn.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mikro80.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mini2440.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mjsister.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mk14.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mogura.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/mrgame.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/msx.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/murogem.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/murogmbl.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/namcos1.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nbmj8688.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nbmj8891.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nbmj8900.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nbmj8991.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nbmj9195.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ngp.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nightgal.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/notetaker.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/novagmcs48.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nycaptor.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/nyny.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/othello.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/palm.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/pandoras.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/pastelg.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/pockstat.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/polepos.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/pong.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ppmast93.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/quasar.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/quizshow.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/rastersp.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/replicator.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/risc2500.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/rltennis.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/route16.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/rowamet.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/royalmah.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s11.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s11a.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s11b.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s3.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s4.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s6.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s6a.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s7.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s8.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s8a.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/s9.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/sbasketb.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/sbrkout.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/scyclone.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/segas16a.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/segas24.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/seicross.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/senjyo.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/shangkid.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/shisen.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/special.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ssozumo.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/suna16.cpp4
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/suna8.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/tagteam.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/taito.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/tceptor.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/terracre.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/thomson.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/tnzs.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/trackfld.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/truco.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/trucocl.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/tsamurai.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/tsispch.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/ut88.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vcombat.cpp2
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vectrex.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vg5k.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vidbrain.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/videopkr.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vigilant.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/vis.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/wheelfir.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/wildpkr.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/williams.cpp3
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/wmg.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/wyvernf0.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/drivers/xtheball.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/machine/hpc3.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/machine/inder_sb.cpp1
-rw-r--r--src/mame/machine/mega32x.cpp1
234 files changed, 5 insertions, 303 deletions
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2dx1.cpp b/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2dx1.cpp
index 6ccf43eda18..9c1a0733405 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2dx1.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2dx1.cpp
@@ -37,7 +37,6 @@ void a2bus_dx1_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dacvol, 0).add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2sam.cpp b/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2sam.cpp
index a2f2fd8781f..16b8b5affe8 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2sam.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/a2bus/a2sam.cpp
@@ -36,7 +36,6 @@ void a2bus_sam_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/cbus/pc9801_86.cpp b/src/devices/bus/cbus/pc9801_86.cpp
index f99665b7542..d9d6150a9fa 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/cbus/pc9801_86.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/cbus/pc9801_86.cpp
@@ -66,7 +66,6 @@ void pc9801_86_device::pc9801_86_config(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // burr brown pcm61p
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // burr brown pcm61p
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/centronics/covox.cpp b/src/devices/bus/centronics/covox.cpp
index f360b97d92a..6cafe74cb42 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/centronics/covox.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/centronics/covox.cpp
@@ -44,7 +44,6 @@ void centronics_covox_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -98,7 +97,6 @@ void centronics_covox_stereo_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/centronics/digiblst.cpp b/src/devices/bus/centronics/digiblst.cpp
index 680716a8a25..97a37054172 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/centronics/digiblst.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/centronics/digiblst.cpp
@@ -44,7 +44,6 @@ void centronics_digiblaster_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/centronics/epson_lx810l.cpp b/src/devices/bus/centronics/epson_lx810l.cpp
index 848f1246a90..0a0d9668cfc 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/centronics/epson_lx810l.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/centronics/epson_lx810l.cpp
@@ -142,7 +142,6 @@ void epson_lx810l_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* gate array */
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/coco/coco_orch90.cpp b/src/devices/bus/coco/coco_orch90.cpp
index 359226e76dd..4023c7f2a0b 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/coco/coco_orch90.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/coco/coco_orch90.cpp
@@ -114,7 +114,6 @@ void coco_orch90_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // ls374.ic5 + r7 (8x20k) + r9 (8x10k)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // ls374.ic4 + r6 (8x20k) + r8 (8x10k)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/cpc/amdrum.cpp b/src/devices/bus/cpc/amdrum.cpp
index f3b5e5ab252..587577edf52 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/cpc/amdrum.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/cpc/amdrum.cpp
@@ -25,7 +25,6 @@ void cpc_amdrum_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
ZN428E(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
// no pass-through
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/cpc/magicsound.cpp b/src/devices/bus/cpc/magicsound.cpp
index 3d665d93800..f491f61894d 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/cpc/magicsound.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/cpc/magicsound.cpp
@@ -60,7 +60,6 @@ void al_magicsound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
// no pass-through(?)
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/isa/dectalk.cpp b/src/devices/bus/isa/dectalk.cpp
index d8ad57d57d3..da45a2ec18b 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/isa/dectalk.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/isa/dectalk.cpp
@@ -172,7 +172,6 @@ void dectalk_isa_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/isa/p1_sound.cpp b/src/devices/bus/isa/p1_sound.cpp
index a1711099c8d..b8e37a57368 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/isa/p1_sound.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/isa/p1_sound.cpp
@@ -68,7 +68,6 @@ void p1_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
FILTER_RC(config, m_filter).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0);
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "filter", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/isa/sblaster.cpp b/src/devices/bus/isa/sblaster.cpp
index 8236e9ba168..d8a47349918 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/isa/sblaster.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/isa/sblaster.cpp
@@ -1147,7 +1147,6 @@ void sb_device::common(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/isa/stereo_fx.cpp b/src/devices/bus/isa/stereo_fx.cpp
index 5d7dafe60ba..b23a0dbe454 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/isa/stereo_fx.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/isa/stereo_fx.cpp
@@ -134,7 +134,6 @@ void stereo_fx_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/konami.cpp b/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/konami.cpp
index 9236c590d64..6ec28cd8469 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/konami.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/konami.cpp
@@ -478,7 +478,6 @@ void msx_cart_synthesizer_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/majutsushi.cpp b/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/majutsushi.cpp
index 952755ffe03..0dd68b1defa 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/majutsushi.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/msx_cart/majutsushi.cpp
@@ -32,7 +32,6 @@ void msx_cart_majutsushi_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.05); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/pet/2joysnd.cpp b/src/devices/bus/pet/2joysnd.cpp
index e7cc8a9d9fc..7bc3915a283 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/pet/2joysnd.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/pet/2joysnd.cpp
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ void pet_userport_joystick_and_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/bus/pet/cb2snd.cpp b/src/devices/bus/pet/cb2snd.cpp
index 1195131702e..fffbb70923e 100644
--- a/src/devices/bus/pet/cb2snd.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/bus/pet/cb2snd.cpp
@@ -31,7 +31,6 @@ void pet_userport_cb2_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/devices/sound/ad1848.cpp b/src/devices/sound/ad1848.cpp
index 1049a03a177..5db5b3ded2d 100644
--- a/src/devices/sound/ad1848.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/sound/ad1848.cpp
@@ -29,7 +29,6 @@ void ad1848_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.cpp b/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.cpp
index 12f3ed31130..aade7ddff01 100644
--- a/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.cpp
+++ b/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.cpp
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ voltage_regulator_device::voltage_regulator_device(const machine_config &mconfig
device_t(mconfig, VOLTAGE_REGULATOR, tag, owner, clock),
device_sound_interface(mconfig, *this),
m_stream(nullptr),
- m_output(0)
+ m_output(0x7fff)
{
}
diff --git a/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.h b/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.h
index 8667c18c4c1..516039aac17 100644
--- a/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.h
+++ b/src/devices/sound/volt_reg.h
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
class voltage_regulator_device : public device_t, public device_sound_interface
{
public:
- voltage_regulator_device &set_output(double analogue_dc) { m_output = (analogue_dc * 32767) / 5.0f; return *this; }
+ voltage_regulator_device &set_output(double analogue_dc) { m_output = (analogue_dc * 0x7fff) / 5.0f; return *this; }
voltage_regulator_device(const machine_config &mconfig, const char *tag, device_t *owner, uint32_t clock = 0);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/alesis.cpp b/src/mame/audio/alesis.cpp
index 1c68948ef4c..135a301dae7 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/alesis.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/alesis.cpp
@@ -49,7 +49,6 @@ void alesis_dm3ag_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "rspeaker2").front_right();
PCM54HP(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker1", 1.0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker1", 1.0); // PCM54HP DAC + R63/R73-75 + Sample and hold
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/csd.cpp b/src/mame/audio/csd.cpp
index 2ce5c9d8707..9baf3792fed 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/csd.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/csd.cpp
@@ -49,7 +49,6 @@ void midway_cheap_squeak_deluxe_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &confi
AD7533(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/gottlieb.cpp b/src/mame/audio/gottlieb.cpp
index 0c31f02996e..9769cc9263a 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/gottlieb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/gottlieb.cpp
@@ -129,7 +129,6 @@ void gottlieb_sound_r0_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
// sound devices
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -263,7 +262,6 @@ void gottlieb_sound_r1_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
// sound devices
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -670,7 +668,6 @@ void gottlieb_sound_r2_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.075); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dacvol", 0).add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
AY8913(config, m_ay1, SOUND2_CLOCK/2).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.15);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/harddriv.cpp b/src/mame/audio/harddriv.cpp
index ea73c5cfd18..6f14ca96460 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/harddriv.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/harddriv.cpp
@@ -457,7 +457,6 @@ void harddriv_sound_board_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
AM6012(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // ls374d.75e + ls374d.90e + am6012
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/leland.cpp b/src/mame/audio/leland.cpp
index 8005aaa7496..3d44fd2a539 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/leland.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/leland.cpp
@@ -163,7 +163,6 @@ void leland_80186_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_dacvol[5]->add_route(0, "dac6", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -224,7 +223,6 @@ void redline_80186_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_dacvol[7]->add_route(0, "dac8", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -284,7 +282,6 @@ void ataxx_80186_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_dacvol[3]->add_route(0, "dac4", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -330,7 +327,6 @@ void wsf_80186_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_dacvol[3]->add_route(0, "dac4", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/midway.cpp b/src/mame/audio/midway.cpp
index 30d1282140f..2fc660bd094 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/midway.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/midway.cpp
@@ -603,7 +603,6 @@ void midway_sounds_good_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
AD7533(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 1.0); /// ad7533jn.u10
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -761,7 +760,6 @@ void midway_turbo_cheap_squeak_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config
AD7533(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/n8080.cpp b/src/mame/audio/n8080.cpp
index 90557f27c3c..9d135e89433 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/n8080.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/n8080.cpp
@@ -491,7 +491,6 @@ void n8080_state::spacefev_sound(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_n8080_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "n8080_dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
SN76477(config, m_sn);
@@ -529,7 +528,6 @@ void n8080_state::sheriff_sound(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_n8080_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "n8080_dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
SN76477(config, m_sn);
@@ -570,7 +568,6 @@ void n8080_state::helifire_sound(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_helifire_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "helifire_dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "helifire_dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/nichisnd.cpp b/src/mame/audio/nichisnd.cpp
index 405f5017aac..f6dd3030111 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/nichisnd.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/nichisnd.cpp
@@ -101,7 +101,6 @@ void nichisnd_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.37); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.37); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/s11c_bg.cpp b/src/mame/audio/s11c_bg.cpp
index c94dd98ca43..cdcbb701a76 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/s11c_bg.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/s11c_bg.cpp
@@ -70,7 +70,6 @@ void s11c_bg_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/segag80r.cpp b/src/mame/audio/segag80r.cpp
index e1cda7c68be..22fa9137274 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/segag80r.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/segag80r.cpp
@@ -838,7 +838,6 @@ void monsterb_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // 50K (R91-97)/100K (R98-106) ladder network
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/spacefb.cpp b/src/mame/audio/spacefb.cpp
index a6e3055d130..c8e139ac583 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/spacefb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/spacefb.cpp
@@ -82,7 +82,6 @@ void spacefb_state::spacefb_audio(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/targ.cpp b/src/mame/audio/targ.cpp
index 77d2c1fb150..d83b665955f 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/targ.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/targ.cpp
@@ -188,7 +188,6 @@ void exidy_state::spectar_audio(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -204,6 +203,5 @@ void exidy_state::targ_audio(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/williams.cpp b/src/mame/audio/williams.cpp
index 5faa1709614..1a515a44af7 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/williams.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/williams.cpp
@@ -193,7 +193,6 @@ void williams_cvsd_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
@@ -515,7 +514,6 @@ void williams_narc_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
AD7224(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25);
AD7224(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
@@ -769,7 +767,6 @@ void williams_adpcm_sound_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
AD7524(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.10);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/wpcsnd.cpp b/src/mame/audio/wpcsnd.cpp
index 1662b04c1dc..05abf086a74 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/wpcsnd.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/wpcsnd.cpp
@@ -81,7 +81,6 @@ void wpcsnd_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
AD7524(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/audio/zaccaria.cpp b/src/mame/audio/zaccaria.cpp
index 913cfddbf3c..da94bae6ce1 100644
--- a/src/mame/audio/zaccaria.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/audio/zaccaria.cpp
@@ -430,7 +430,6 @@ void zac1b11142_audio_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, *this, 0.40, AUTO_ALLOC_INPUT, 0); // mc1408.1f
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/20pacgal.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/20pacgal.cpp
index 77e1873ac23..38883d77efb 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/20pacgal.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/20pacgal.cpp
@@ -420,7 +420,6 @@ void _20pacgal_state::_20pacgal(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/4004clk.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/4004clk.cpp
index 35afef0064f..0071e0c56a5 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/4004clk.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/4004clk.cpp
@@ -151,7 +151,6 @@ void nixieclock_state::_4004clk(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
clock_device &clk(CLOCK(config, "clk", 60));
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/40love.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/40love.cpp
index 00840d27d24..65f1a29217a 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/40love.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/40love.cpp
@@ -730,7 +730,6 @@ void fortyl_state::common(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/aa310.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/aa310.cpp
index 838fad59bff..6e124e6d693 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/aa310.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/aa310.cpp
@@ -444,7 +444,6 @@ void aa310_state::aa310(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac[i], 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
}
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/advision.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/advision.cpp
index ab62725d9d0..ca9c168cbe9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/advision.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/advision.cpp
@@ -93,7 +93,6 @@ void advision_state::advision(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/alpha68k.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/alpha68k.cpp
index ae21c86fb8f..2f33da06c14 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/alpha68k.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/alpha68k.cpp
@@ -1947,7 +1947,6 @@ void alpha68k_state::sstingry(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.75); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1998,7 +1997,6 @@ void alpha68k_state::kyros(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.75); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -2134,7 +2132,6 @@ void alpha68k_state::alpha68k_II(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.75); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -2201,7 +2198,6 @@ void alpha68k_state::alpha68k_V(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.75); // ALPHA-VOICE88 custom DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/apple3.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/apple3.cpp
index 52fb6b8c8fd..10b7d2004f0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/apple3.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/apple3.cpp
@@ -152,7 +152,6 @@ void apple3_state::apple3(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_bell, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
DAC_6BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125); // 6522.b5(pb0-pb5) + 320k,160k,80k,40k,20k,10k
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "bell", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/applix.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/applix.cpp
index 018fbd589e6..4a031b8fafb 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/applix.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/applix.cpp
@@ -881,7 +881,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(applix_state::applix)
DAC0800(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // 74ls374.u20 + dac0800.u21 + 4052.u23
DAC0800(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // 74ls374.u20 + dac0800.u21 + 4052.u23
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/aristmk5.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/aristmk5.cpp
index 57a07ef5bb0..ced57a2e22c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/aristmk5.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/aristmk5.cpp
@@ -2324,7 +2324,6 @@ void aristmk5_state::aristmk5(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac[i], 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
}
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/armedf.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/armedf.cpp
index 4bd8243be03..650cef1b339 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/armedf.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/armedf.cpp
@@ -1267,7 +1267,6 @@ void armedf_state::terraf_sound(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.8); // 10-pin SIP with 74HC374P latch
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.8); // 10-pin SIP with 74HC374P latch
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1346,7 +1345,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(armedf_state::terrafjb)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.8); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.8); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -1427,7 +1425,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(armedf_state::armedf)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -1474,7 +1471,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(armedf_state::cclimbr2)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -1513,7 +1509,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(armedf_state::legion_common)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // 10-pin SIP with 74HC374P latch
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // 10-pin SIP with 74HC374P latch
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/atari400.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/atari400.cpp
index 6aeec563bfb..10c6bbcbdf3 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/atari400.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/atari400.cpp
@@ -2158,7 +2158,7 @@ void a400_state::atari_common(machine_config &config)
atari_common_nodac(config);
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.03);
- VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0).set_output(5.0).add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
+ VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0).add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* internal ram */
RAM(config, m_ram).set_default_size("48K");
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/atari_s1.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/atari_s1.cpp
index bb765e75e9c..5b07c2a204e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/atari_s1.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/atari_s1.cpp
@@ -464,7 +464,6 @@ void atari_s1_state::atari_s1(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/atari_s2.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/atari_s2.cpp
index 7f90dcdbfd9..46db7f2d67c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/atari_s2.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/atari_s2.cpp
@@ -494,7 +494,6 @@ void atari_s2_state::atari_s2(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15); // r23-r26 (68k,33k,18k,8.2k)
DAC_3BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac1, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15); // r18-r20 (100k,47k,100k)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/bigevglf.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/bigevglf.cpp
index b406c8a5247..b1db2003440 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/bigevglf.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/bigevglf.cpp
@@ -440,7 +440,6 @@ void bigevglf_state::bigevglf(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.50); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/bking.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/bking.cpp
index 013b2d4f91c..3e6917692ef 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/bking.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/bking.cpp
@@ -436,7 +436,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(bking_state::bking)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/bw12.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/bw12.cpp
index 270254311e9..ddee36e8bfe 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/bw12.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/bw12.cpp
@@ -577,7 +577,6 @@ void bw12_state::common(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125); // ls273.ic5 + mc1408.ic4
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/bwing.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/bwing.cpp
index fc6642b00ad..a1ac29aed36 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/bwing.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/bwing.cpp
@@ -406,7 +406,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(bwing_state::bwing)
DAC08(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/byvid.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/byvid.cpp
index 68755017da9..6d0422a494c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/byvid.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/byvid.cpp
@@ -805,7 +805,6 @@ void by133_state::babypac(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
ZN429E(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // U32 (Vidiot) or U6 (Cheap Squeak)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/calchase.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/calchase.cpp
index 8f1ff12a4a3..087b93dbda9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/calchase.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/calchase.cpp
@@ -705,7 +705,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(calchase_state::calchase)
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -734,7 +733,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(calchase_state::hostinv)
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/camplynx.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/camplynx.cpp
index 67badac8576..be69800ca53 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/camplynx.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/camplynx.cpp
@@ -856,8 +856,7 @@ void camplynx_state::lynx_common(machine_config &config)
/* sound hardware */
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.375); // unknown DAC
- VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref").set_output(5.0)
- .add_route(0, m_dac, 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, m_dac, -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
+ VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref").add_route(0, m_dac, 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, m_dac, -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", "cassette").add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.02);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/capbowl.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/capbowl.cpp
index c24bae0b45d..63dc7f8bf21 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/capbowl.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/capbowl.cpp
@@ -362,7 +362,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(capbowl_state::capbowl)
DAC0832(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cc40.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cc40.cpp
index de47135e965..2619cdf669f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cc40.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cc40.cpp
@@ -617,7 +617,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(cc40_state::cc40)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cchasm.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cchasm.cpp
index 7ef7d962d30..4982db9d9d2 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cchasm.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cchasm.cpp
@@ -187,7 +187,6 @@ void cchasm_state::cchasm(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac1, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/champbas.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/champbas.cpp
index 4fa42a9df6d..c2055b824a1 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/champbas.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/champbas.cpp
@@ -610,7 +610,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(champbas_state::champbas)
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.7); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -730,7 +729,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(exctsccr_state::exctsccr)
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -781,7 +779,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(exctsccr_state::exctsccrb)
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.7); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/chsuper.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/chsuper.cpp
index b6d44a06090..d4db4037f48 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/chsuper.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/chsuper.cpp
@@ -394,7 +394,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(chsuper_state::chsuper)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/circusc.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/circusc.cpp
index be0bfbcdec6..a5a75eb1491 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/circusc.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/circusc.cpp
@@ -389,12 +389,10 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(circusc_state::circusc)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(0, "fltdisc", 1.0, 2); // ls374.7g + r44+r45+r47+r48+r50+r56+r57+r58+r59 (20k) + r46+r49+r51+r52+r53+r54+r55 (10k) + upc324.3h
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MCFG_DEVICE_ADD("fltdisc", DISCRETE, circusc_discrete)
MCFG_SOUND_ROUTE(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 1.0)
-
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cking_master.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cking_master.cpp
index 4210f447a74..33d3a27a062 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cking_master.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cking_master.cpp
@@ -198,7 +198,6 @@ void master_state::master(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED_ONES_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cntsteer.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cntsteer.cpp
index 1991de99997..2a1fd5ff109 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cntsteer.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cntsteer.cpp
@@ -969,7 +969,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(cntsteer_state::cntsteer)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/coco12.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/coco12.cpp
index 22b0b43731f..8de06298232 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/coco12.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/coco12.cpp
@@ -388,7 +388,6 @@ void coco_state::coco_sound(machine_config &config)
// 6-bit D/A: R10-15 = 10K, 20K, 40.2K, 80.6K, 162K, 324K (according to parts list); output also controls joysticks
DAC_6BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "sbs", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "sbs", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/coolpool.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/coolpool.cpp
index cfe5a6bb57e..c3c26b3ff4b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/coolpool.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/coolpool.cpp
@@ -748,7 +748,6 @@ void coolpool_state::amerdart(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MP1210(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -797,7 +796,6 @@ void coolpool_state::coolpool(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MP1210(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cop01.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cop01.cpp
index fcf79bba80c..75ee04124aa 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cop01.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cop01.cpp
@@ -520,7 +520,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(mightguy_state::mightguy)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cosmic.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cosmic.cpp
index 3ef350824df..010331b4b98 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cosmic.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cosmic.cpp
@@ -1057,7 +1057,6 @@ void cosmic_state::panic(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -1113,7 +1112,6 @@ void cosmic_state::cosmicg(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // NE556
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
// Other DACs include 3-bit binary-weighted (100K/50K/25K) DAC combined with another NE556 for attack march
}
@@ -1137,7 +1135,6 @@ void cosmic_state::magspot(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -1167,7 +1164,6 @@ void cosmic_state::nomnlnd(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/craft.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/craft.cpp
index e04f678cc80..c63a1ca94af 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/craft.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/craft.cpp
@@ -267,7 +267,6 @@ void craft_state::craft(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "avr8").front_center();
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(0, "avr8", 0.25); // pd1/pd2/pd4/pd5/pd6/pd7 + 2k(x7) + 1k(x5)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cubeqst.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cubeqst.cpp
index 03a089fcbc9..247d30ad1d2 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cubeqst.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cubeqst.cpp
@@ -574,7 +574,6 @@ void cubeqst_state::cubeqst(machine_config &config)
AD7521(config, m_dacs[i*2+1], 0).add_route(0, "lspeaker", 0.125);
}
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cvs.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cvs.cpp
index ed4b04ca199..66c87ae485f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cvs.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cvs.cpp
@@ -1019,7 +1019,6 @@ void cvs_state::cvs(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac3, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cxg_ch2001.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cxg_ch2001.cpp
index 60a94e6656d..411670a9e0f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cxg_ch2001.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cxg_ch2001.cpp
@@ -151,7 +151,6 @@ void ch2001_state::ch2001(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/cyberbal.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/cyberbal.cpp
index 850cb8dbf1f..120ab37491d 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/cyberbal.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/cyberbal.cpp
@@ -466,7 +466,6 @@ void cyberbal_state::cyberbal_base(machine_config &config)
AM6012(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // AM6012.6j
AM6012(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // AM6012.6j
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/dectalk.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/dectalk.cpp
index aa5cc8696d9..ee03a4ed2f3 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/dectalk.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/dectalk.cpp
@@ -908,7 +908,6 @@ void dectalk_state::dectalk(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
AD7541(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.9); // ad7541.e107 (E88 10KHz OSC, handled by timer)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/equites.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/equites.cpp
index 4996ea32a97..ebec71eb31d 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/equites.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/equites.cpp
@@ -1079,7 +1079,6 @@ void equites_state::common_sound(machine_config &config)
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, m_dac_1, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, m_dac_2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ertictac.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ertictac.cpp
index 7e3b1205c24..2686577a556 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ertictac.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ertictac.cpp
@@ -245,7 +245,6 @@ void ertictac_state::ertictac(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac[i], 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 0.05); // unknown DAC
}
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/esripsys.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/esripsys.cpp
index 16ddf2c927b..40b749ceae8 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/esripsys.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/esripsys.cpp
@@ -704,7 +704,6 @@ void esripsys_state::esripsys(machine_config &config)
dacvol.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
dacvol.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
TMS5220(config, m_tms, 640000).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/exterm.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/exterm.cpp
index d8f765a631f..fdc3b8337dc 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/exterm.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/exterm.cpp
@@ -418,7 +418,6 @@ void exterm_state::exterm(machine_config &config)
AD7528(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // ad7528j.e2
AD7528(config, "dacvol", 0).add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // ad7528j.e2
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
YM2151(config, m_ym2151, 4000000).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fantland.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fantland.cpp
index 45c9c09db14..901d0014992 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fantland.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fantland.cpp
@@ -844,7 +844,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(fantland_state::fantland)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_as12.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_as12.cpp
index 9857eaf80b8..599f0e6868c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_as12.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_as12.cpp
@@ -154,7 +154,6 @@ void as12_state::as12(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_cc7.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_cc7.cpp
index d2dccac006b..2ff5a9476ff 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_cc7.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_cc7.cpp
@@ -208,7 +208,6 @@ void bcc_state::bcc(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_chesster.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_chesster.cpp
index 8830bc63b06..04c3f2f080f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_chesster.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_chesster.cpp
@@ -155,7 +155,6 @@ void chesster_state::chesster(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac8", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // m74hc374b1.ic1 + 8l513_02.z2
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac8", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac8", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_csc.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_csc.cpp
index 1ef96680820..4d0d81ae0fd 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_csc.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_csc.cpp
@@ -524,7 +524,6 @@ void csc_state::csc(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -563,7 +562,6 @@ void csc_state::rsc(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_dames.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_dames.cpp
index baa6928bde0..ff9787abb24 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_dames.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_dames.cpp
@@ -149,7 +149,6 @@ void dsc_state::dsc(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_desdis.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_desdis.cpp
index 49f28c7519e..399b5990739 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_desdis.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_desdis.cpp
@@ -263,7 +263,6 @@ void desdis_state::fdes2100d(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -294,7 +293,6 @@ void desmas_state::fdes2265(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_eag68k.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_eag68k.cpp
index 7aec1922f51..bf92aebeb66 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_eag68k.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_eag68k.cpp
@@ -447,7 +447,6 @@ void excel68k_state::fex68k(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
@@ -488,7 +487,6 @@ void eag_state::eag_base(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_elite.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_elite.cpp
index 9bd206bc5cb..6ec080adb7a 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_elite.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_elite.cpp
@@ -322,7 +322,6 @@ void elite_state::eas_base(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_excel.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_excel.cpp
index 8d4c503d2ee..d41409f8755 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_excel.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_excel.cpp
@@ -352,7 +352,6 @@ void excel_state::fexcel(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_phantom.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_phantom.cpp
index 0ebd0f5cd29..07a9db49077 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_phantom.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_phantom.cpp
@@ -114,7 +114,6 @@ void phantom_state::fphantom(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc12.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc12.cpp
index 7bd2ae25668..aa4c049e0cc 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc12.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc12.cpp
@@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ void sc12_state::sc12(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc6.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc6.cpp
index 3e2b35f3064..75c06b936af 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc6.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc6.cpp
@@ -186,7 +186,6 @@ void sc6_state::sc6(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc8.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc8.cpp
index 8539d18e0c5..304d3722f57 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc8.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc8.cpp
@@ -128,7 +128,6 @@ void scc_state::scc(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc9.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc9.cpp
index e7b5ece49bc..509d397d7b7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc9.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidel_sc9.cpp
@@ -221,7 +221,6 @@ void sc9_state::sc9d(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cartridge */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/fidelbase.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/fidelbase.cpp
index b4e98f9b806..c5f004b075f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/fidelbase.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/fidelbase.cpp
@@ -1536,7 +1536,6 @@ void card_state::ubc(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/finalizr.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/finalizr.cpp
index 01a3082b7a7..a27e4d4731b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/finalizr.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/finalizr.cpp
@@ -300,7 +300,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(finalizr_state::finalizr)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.325); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/flstory.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/flstory.cpp
index e35a9756418..8f2ad9132fd 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/flstory.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/flstory.cpp
@@ -788,7 +788,6 @@ void flstory_state::common(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/galaxian.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/galaxian.cpp
index 00e5aed6860..ede3c861d3e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/galaxian.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/galaxian.cpp
@@ -6362,7 +6362,6 @@ void galaxian_state::kingball(machine_config &config)
/* sound hardware */
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.53); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -6586,7 +6585,6 @@ void galaxian_state::sfx(machine_config &config)
/* DAC for the sample player */
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // 16-pin IC (not identified by schematics)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/galeb.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/galeb.cpp
index 016576081c1..7073a7f9860 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/galeb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/galeb.cpp
@@ -183,12 +183,10 @@ void galeb_state::galeb(machine_config &config)
PALETTE(config, m_palette, palette_device::MONOCHROME);
-
/* audio hardware */
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/galivan.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/galivan.cpp
index ced01bdb610..46c6d7d85e2 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/galivan.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/galivan.cpp
@@ -473,7 +473,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(galivan_state::galivan)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -532,7 +531,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(galivan_state::ninjemak)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/gamecom.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/gamecom.cpp
index d454a73db3f..6ce067100ee 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/gamecom.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/gamecom.cpp
@@ -286,7 +286,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(gamecom_state::gamecom)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac0, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.05); // unknown DAC (Frequency modulation)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac1, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.05); // unknown DAC (Frequency modulation)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/gba.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/gba.cpp
index 13d82bcfe6f..fa351f8e558 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/gba.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/gba.cpp
@@ -1453,7 +1453,6 @@ void gba_state::gbadv(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_ldacb, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdacb, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldaca", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldaca", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdaca", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdaca", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldacb", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldacb", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/gei.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/gei.cpp
index 6afd8d21955..277fbaa7bd3 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/gei.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/gei.cpp
@@ -1012,7 +1012,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(gei_state::getrivia)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/go2000.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/go2000.cpp
index 5ac1edfb219..b58634e9691 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/go2000.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/go2000.cpp
@@ -373,7 +373,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(go2000_state::go2000)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/gp32.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/gp32.cpp
index bd55fe4a6a1..9efc64a022f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/gp32.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/gp32.cpp
@@ -1691,7 +1691,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(gp32_state::gp32)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hankin.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hankin.cpp
index 8b15f6f74ac..d20282fff41 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hankin.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hankin.cpp
@@ -492,7 +492,6 @@ void hankin_state::hankin(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hapyfish.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hapyfish.cpp
index 1c2c9435f2f..4c2d7b0a5e0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hapyfish.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hapyfish.cpp
@@ -260,7 +260,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(hapyfish_state::hapyfish)
UDA1341TS(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // uda1341ts.u12
UDA1341TS(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // uda1341ts.u12
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/harddriv.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/harddriv.cpp
index 5437a445f29..721fbdde113 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/harddriv.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/harddriv.cpp
@@ -1624,7 +1624,6 @@ void harddriv_state::ds3(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hh_cop400.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hh_cop400.cpp
index 49680c5568f..dcb8b46d7ab 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hh_cop400.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hh_cop400.cpp
@@ -1582,7 +1582,6 @@ void bship82_state::bship82(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "mono").front_center();
DAC_4BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED_SIGN_MAGNITUDE(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.125); // see above
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1806,7 +1805,6 @@ void vidchal_state::vidchal(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "mono").front_center();
DAC_4BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED_SIGN_MAGNITUDE(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.125); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/homedata.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/homedata.cpp
index f501d336a7c..b43a51f46fa 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/homedata.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/homedata.cpp
@@ -1254,7 +1254,6 @@ void homedata_state::mrokumei(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1313,7 +1312,6 @@ void homedata_state::reikaids(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1370,7 +1368,6 @@ void homedata_state::pteacher(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/homelab.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/homelab.cpp
index d75e303becb..cb5aa1c3e46 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/homelab.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/homelab.cpp
@@ -774,7 +774,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(homelab_state::homelab)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cass).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
@@ -808,7 +807,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(homelab_state::homelab3)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cass).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
@@ -842,7 +840,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(homelab_state::brailab4)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cass).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hp48.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hp48.cpp
index 5288b93b638..da3f184b779 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hp48.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hp48.cpp
@@ -1171,7 +1171,6 @@ void hp48_state::hp48_common(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hp80.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hp80.cpp
index 996401f27fe..af69dc4c11b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hp80.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hp80.cpp
@@ -1358,7 +1358,6 @@ void hp85_state::hp85(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "mono").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac , 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.5, AUTO_ALLOC_INPUT, 0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
BEEP(config, m_beep, MASTER_CLOCK / 8192).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.5, AUTO_ALLOC_INPUT, 0);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hyhoo.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hyhoo.cpp
index a68f6415aa2..0a82b3dfcab 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hyhoo.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hyhoo.cpp
@@ -256,7 +256,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(hyhoo_state::hyhoo)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/hyperspt.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/hyperspt.cpp
index 02648340c83..ee31d9e5393 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/hyperspt.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/hyperspt.cpp
@@ -336,7 +336,6 @@ void hyperspt_state::hyperspt(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/instantm.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/instantm.cpp
index 42b2f3a2967..c2ebed3ca81 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/instantm.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/instantm.cpp
@@ -143,7 +143,6 @@ void instantm_state::instantm(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/jaguar.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/jaguar.cpp
index 113322163fc..b7d7a0473f5 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/jaguar.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/jaguar.cpp
@@ -1855,7 +1855,6 @@ void jaguar_state::cojagr3k(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -1911,7 +1910,6 @@ void jaguar_state::jaguar(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/jankenmn.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/jankenmn.cpp
index 066f9680d30..4f722610c3e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/jankenmn.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/jankenmn.cpp
@@ -413,7 +413,6 @@ void jankenmn_state::jankenmn(machine_config &config)
AD7523(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/juicebox.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/juicebox.cpp
index ca52a7b84c4..df74caac2e2 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/juicebox.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/juicebox.cpp
@@ -325,7 +325,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(juicebox_state::juicebox)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/junofrst.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/junofrst.cpp
index 3059bfd1fa4..5944603fb10 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/junofrst.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/junofrst.cpp
@@ -454,7 +454,6 @@ void junofrst_state::junofrst(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // 100K (R56-63)/200K (R64-71) ladder network
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/kchamp.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/kchamp.cpp
index 5682ff76d81..f207a1dda29 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/kchamp.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/kchamp.cpp
@@ -504,7 +504,6 @@ void kchamp_state::kchamp(machine_config &config)
DAC08(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // IC11
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/kingobox.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/kingobox.cpp
index 220e39e9d20..c9397f5e376 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/kingobox.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/kingobox.cpp
@@ -513,7 +513,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(kingofb_state::kingofb)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125); // 100K (R30-44 even)/200K (R31-45 odd) ladder network
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -571,7 +570,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(kingofb_state::ringking)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/konamim2.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/konamim2.cpp
index 33c85e355d6..b837e8219bf 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/konamim2.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/konamim2.cpp
@@ -1165,7 +1165,6 @@ void konamim2_state::konamim2(machine_config &config)
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ksayakyu.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ksayakyu.cpp
index 83a7cd44dcc..f1c290556a2 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ksayakyu.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ksayakyu.cpp
@@ -301,7 +301,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(ksayakyu_state::ksayakyu)
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ladyfrog.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ladyfrog.cpp
index be3263d3bf5..718eabb91b7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ladyfrog.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ladyfrog.cpp
@@ -340,7 +340,6 @@ void ladyfrog_state::ladyfrog(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/laserbas.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/laserbas.cpp
index c1f35a49e3d..0d9dae8a029 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/laserbas.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/laserbas.cpp
@@ -413,7 +413,6 @@ void laserbas_state::laserbas(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac[4], 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.16);
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac[5], 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.16);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac3", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/lasso.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/lasso.cpp
index 02bd0aef619..176400d0b9d 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/lasso.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/lasso.cpp
@@ -575,7 +575,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(lasso_state::wwjgtin)
/* sound hardware */
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/lazercmd.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/lazercmd.cpp
index 1fa02c57665..6f9147c1b09 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/lazercmd.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/lazercmd.cpp
@@ -657,7 +657,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(lazercmd_state::lazercmd)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac3, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -694,7 +693,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(lazercmd_state::medlanes)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac3, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -729,7 +727,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(lazercmd_state::bbonk)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac2, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac3, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac3", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/leland.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/leland.cpp
index 8cc8b2a1594..307bc7ef575 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/leland.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/leland.cpp
@@ -1016,7 +1016,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(leland_state::leland)
DAC_8BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac[0], 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625); // ls374.u79 + r17-r23 (24k,12k,6.2k,3k,1.5k,750,390,180)
DAC_8BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, m_dac[1], 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625); // ls374.u88 + r27-r34 (24k,12k,6.2k,3k,1.5k,750,390,180)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/littlerb.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/littlerb.cpp
index a0df0e65d2b..5c5c206ca69 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/littlerb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/littlerb.cpp
@@ -304,7 +304,6 @@ void littlerb_state::littlerb(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/looping.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/looping.cpp
index 2169d23fd03..4f15eb5af88 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/looping.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/looping.cpp
@@ -684,7 +684,6 @@ void looping_state::looping(machine_config &config)
DAC_2BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.15); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/luckybal.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/luckybal.cpp
index bfea64f1b93..d4a0e10cd1d 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/luckybal.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/luckybal.cpp
@@ -598,7 +598,6 @@ void luckybal_state::luckybal(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC08(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/m72.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/m72.cpp
index 5cb0767cc86..c624d1a43de 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/m72.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/m72.cpp
@@ -1822,7 +1822,6 @@ void m72_state::m72_audio_chips(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/m90.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/m90.cpp
index 0650493b90c..b51f058c2a5 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/m90.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/m90.cpp
@@ -774,7 +774,6 @@ void m90_state::m90(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mac.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mac.cpp
index e998b013cfb..57ff47a629b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mac.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mac.cpp
@@ -1055,7 +1055,6 @@ void mac_state::mac512ke_base(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_PWM(config, m_dac, 0);
m_dac->add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // 2 x ls161
voltage_regulator_device &vreg(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mac128.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mac128.cpp
index 59d19444d38..3364f1085f6 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mac128.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mac128.cpp
@@ -1362,7 +1362,6 @@ void mac128_state::mac512ke(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_PWM(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // 2 x ls161
voltage_regulator_device &vreg(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, DAC_TAG, 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, DAC_TAG, -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/magicfly.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/magicfly.cpp
index b1ccdd83220..817bc3cce27 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/magicfly.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/magicfly.cpp
@@ -970,7 +970,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(magicfly_state::magicfly)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mappy.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mappy.cpp
index ee7d094cbb3..f41d55efb89 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mappy.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mappy.cpp
@@ -1417,7 +1417,6 @@ void mappy_state::grobda(machine_config &config)
/* sound hardware */
DAC_4BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.275); // alternate route to 15XX-related DAC?
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/matmania.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/matmania.cpp
index 82cdd92cf25..003d1281534 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/matmania.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/matmania.cpp
@@ -334,7 +334,6 @@ void matmania_state::matmania(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -376,7 +375,6 @@ void matmania_state::maniach(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mc10.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mc10.cpp
index ee1a75dc0e2..0162ae4befc 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mc10.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mc10.cpp
@@ -523,7 +523,6 @@ void mc10_state::mc10(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
CASSETTE(config, m_cassette);
@@ -566,7 +565,6 @@ void mc10_state::alice32(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
CASSETTE(config, m_cassette);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/meadows.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/meadows.cpp
index 4e8392ef9b2..fe4e3809235 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/meadows.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/meadows.cpp
@@ -649,7 +649,6 @@ void meadows_state::meadows(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
@@ -710,7 +709,6 @@ void meadows_state::bowl3d(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/megazone.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/megazone.cpp
index cf03d5bb9b9..2c3ff06eaaf 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/megazone.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/megazone.cpp
@@ -346,7 +346,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(megazone_state::megazone)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mephistp.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mephistp.cpp
index e14ea6c5f49..25d927c0623 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mephistp.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mephistp.cpp
@@ -198,7 +198,6 @@ void mephisto_pinball_state::mephisto(machine_config &config)
DAC08(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/meyc8080.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/meyc8080.cpp
index 6cc3c8232f1..3283f59d41c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/meyc8080.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/meyc8080.cpp
@@ -608,7 +608,6 @@ void meyc8080_state::meyc8080(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.66); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/meyc8088.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/meyc8088.cpp
index cf59d3860d5..056227e3f3c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/meyc8088.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/meyc8088.cpp
@@ -402,7 +402,6 @@ void meyc8088_state::meyc8088(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/microvsn.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/microvsn.cpp
index f4823886462..231e827beee 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/microvsn.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/microvsn.cpp
@@ -664,7 +664,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(microvision_state::microvision)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED_ONES_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mikro80.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mikro80.cpp
index 5a849c322aa..206a603adf1 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mikro80.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mikro80.cpp
@@ -209,7 +209,6 @@ void mikro80_state::radio99(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.12);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mini2440.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mini2440.cpp
index 93bf4edb657..c4d7f995377 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mini2440.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mini2440.cpp
@@ -244,7 +244,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(mini2440_state::mini2440)
UDA1341TS(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // uda1341ts.u12
UDA1341TS(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // uda1341ts.u12
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mjsister.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mjsister.cpp
index 761c8ce5d43..06c97b20cb9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mjsister.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mjsister.cpp
@@ -538,7 +538,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(mjsister_state::mjsister)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mk14.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mk14.cpp
index 39db2ca1e04..eaf6bb8b5c9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mk14.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mk14.cpp
@@ -223,7 +223,6 @@ void mk14_state::mk14(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
ZN425E(config, "dac8", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // Ferranti ZN425E
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac8", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac8", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mogura.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mogura.cpp
index faca2036527..cca38b8402e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mogura.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mogura.cpp
@@ -234,7 +234,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(mogura_state::mogura)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/mrgame.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/mrgame.cpp
index 668be86582f..094b3a46334 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/mrgame.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/mrgame.cpp
@@ -591,7 +591,6 @@ void mrgame_state::mrgame(machine_config &config)
dacvol.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dacvol", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/msx.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/msx.cpp
index f2b2b0fba2b..ca486ceafae 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/msx.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/msx.cpp
@@ -1372,7 +1372,6 @@ void msx_state::msx(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
@@ -1445,7 +1444,6 @@ void msx2_state::msx2(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
@@ -1509,7 +1507,6 @@ void msx2_state::msx2p(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/murogem.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/murogem.cpp
index b5c81d9d233..4d68edb840e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/murogem.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/murogem.cpp
@@ -276,7 +276,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(murogem_state::murogem)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.375);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/murogmbl.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/murogmbl.cpp
index 584265b5c46..3cbd5519bfb 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/murogmbl.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/murogmbl.cpp
@@ -369,7 +369,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(murogmbl_state::murogmbl)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -395,7 +394,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(slotunbl_state::slotunbl)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/namcos1.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/namcos1.cpp
index eee1d1b93d4..a8ed56b9b95 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/namcos1.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/namcos1.cpp
@@ -1076,7 +1076,6 @@ void namcos1_state::ns1(machine_config &config)
m_dac[1]->add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8688.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8688.cpp
index c9ae3891553..679c84cfcac 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8688.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8688.cpp
@@ -2485,7 +2485,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8688_state::NBMJDRV_4096)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -2676,7 +2675,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8688_state::mbmj_p16bit_LCD)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8891.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8891.cpp
index 4b070f268c1..d35fe3c59ce 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8891.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8891.cpp
@@ -2218,7 +2218,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8891_state::gionbana)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.37); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8900.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8900.cpp
index 5c48b1fa2ce..d10337c88d8 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8900.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8900.cpp
@@ -334,7 +334,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8900_state::ohpaipee)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.42); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8991.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8991.cpp
index 339cbf039a9..9f31a173772 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8991.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj8991.cpp
@@ -1354,7 +1354,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8991_state::nbmjdrv1) // galkoku
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -1397,7 +1396,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nbmj8991_state::nbmjdrv2) // pstadium
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj9195.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj9195.cpp
index 3f4ccb41d27..6d113bd3ddf 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nbmj9195.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nbmj9195.cpp
@@ -2548,7 +2548,6 @@ void nbmj9195_state::NBMJDRV1_base(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ngp.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ngp.cpp
index 86e8d12471c..24d9e20bcd7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ngp.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ngp.cpp
@@ -852,7 +852,6 @@ void ngp_state::ngp_common(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_ldac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_rdac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nightgal.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nightgal.cpp
index d6e71b407c3..6db16327463 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nightgal.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nightgal.cpp
@@ -840,7 +840,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nightgal_state::sexygal)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/notetaker.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/notetaker.cpp
index caf4744ca25..e1936339928 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/notetaker.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/notetaker.cpp
@@ -872,7 +872,6 @@ void notetaker_state::notetakr(machine_config &config)
// TODO: hook DAC up to two HA2425 (sample and hold) chips and hook those up to the speakers
DAC1200(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/novagmcs48.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/novagmcs48.cpp
index 840f0c450c1..831b85744a4 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/novagmcs48.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/novagmcs48.cpp
@@ -165,7 +165,6 @@ void novagmcs48_state::presto(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nycaptor.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nycaptor.cpp
index 722a9e3853a..c522d0aead7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nycaptor.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nycaptor.cpp
@@ -798,7 +798,6 @@ void nycaptor_state::nycaptor(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -868,7 +867,6 @@ void nycaptor_state::cyclshtg(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -936,7 +934,6 @@ void nycaptor_state::bronx(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/nyny.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/nyny.cpp
index 86ee0734a22..496f58cbde1 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/nyny.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/nyny.cpp
@@ -670,7 +670,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(nyny_state::nyny)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/othello.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/othello.cpp
index 83322b7ea02..b7588ab04c4 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/othello.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/othello.cpp
@@ -435,7 +435,6 @@ void othello_state::othello(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/palm.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/palm.cpp
index 45b20b9a82a..1b69491e78a 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/palm.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/palm.cpp
@@ -207,7 +207,6 @@ void palm_state::palm(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MC68328(config, m_lsi, 0, "maincpu"); // on-board peripherals
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/pandoras.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/pandoras.cpp
index 14fa066f63e..c617c02f6c6 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/pandoras.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/pandoras.cpp
@@ -362,7 +362,6 @@ void pandoras_state::pandoras(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.12); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/pastelg.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/pastelg.cpp
index d3655238081..3ec950a89e9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/pastelg.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/pastelg.cpp
@@ -430,7 +430,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(pastelg_state::pastelg)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -490,7 +489,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(pastelg_state::threeds)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/pockstat.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/pockstat.cpp
index b18841f9bc9..73792f320ec 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/pockstat.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/pockstat.cpp
@@ -997,7 +997,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(pockstat_state::pockstat)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/polepos.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/polepos.cpp
index 85a32760f35..583ca54b1a4 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/polepos.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/polepos.cpp
@@ -1053,7 +1053,6 @@ void polepos_state::topracern(machine_config &config)
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.12);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/pong.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/pong.cpp
index b7fd9b4d77d..ba160e2180f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/pong.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/pong.cpp
@@ -420,7 +420,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(pong_state::pong)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -476,7 +475,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(breakout_state::breakout)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -524,7 +522,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(pong_state::pongd)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_16BIT_R2R_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ppmast93.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ppmast93.cpp
index c7750f78f8b..8e4a1a95396 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ppmast93.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ppmast93.cpp
@@ -408,7 +408,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(ppmast93_state::ppmast93)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/quasar.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/quasar.cpp
index d52d2abefa1..3edcfd88703 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/quasar.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/quasar.cpp
@@ -343,7 +343,6 @@ void quasar_state::quasar(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/quizshow.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/quizshow.cpp
index 1cada31386d..c71362a31ff 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/quizshow.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/quizshow.cpp
@@ -414,7 +414,6 @@ void quizshow_state::quizshow(machine_config &config)
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/rastersp.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/rastersp.cpp
index 730e43f9c1c..411c4cdff64 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/rastersp.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/rastersp.cpp
@@ -920,7 +920,6 @@ void rastersp_state::rastersp(machine_config &config)
m_rdac->add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vreg(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/replicator.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/replicator.cpp
index ac92256b446..972be03daf0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/replicator.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/replicator.cpp
@@ -643,7 +643,6 @@ void replicator_state::replicator(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(0, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/risc2500.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/risc2500.cpp
index e84ed89901a..86eea5d52a4 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/risc2500.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/risc2500.cpp
@@ -341,7 +341,6 @@ void risc2500_state::risc2500(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_BINARY_WEIGHTED_ONES_COMPLEMENT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/rltennis.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/rltennis.cpp
index 484c2c7c3f1..ace73fd5f9e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/rltennis.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/rltennis.cpp
@@ -207,7 +207,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(rltennis_state::rltennis)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/route16.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/route16.cpp
index fdd8eb2fc1d..f733a91e597 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/route16.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/route16.cpp
@@ -660,7 +660,6 @@ void route16_state::stratvox(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/rowamet.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/rowamet.cpp
index 9f683934472..cf734674e2b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/rowamet.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/rowamet.cpp
@@ -241,7 +241,6 @@ void rowamet_state::rowamet(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/royalmah.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/royalmah.cpp
index 08b5a794d90..d6d61f4ff71 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/royalmah.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/royalmah.cpp
@@ -3591,7 +3591,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(royalmah_state::jansou)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s11.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s11.cpp
index 157d6d7abfe..dc5a088feda 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s11.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s11.cpp
@@ -449,7 +449,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(s11_state::s11)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s11a.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s11a.cpp
index ffcbe08dad8..3db3a209733 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s11a.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s11a.cpp
@@ -241,7 +241,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(s11a_state::s11a)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s11b.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s11b.cpp
index 61bfb00676e..2d6a5baf276 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s11b.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s11b.cpp
@@ -318,7 +318,6 @@ void s11b_state::s11b(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s3.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s3.cpp
index a508bea50c1..9a7121a8c79 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s3.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s3.cpp
@@ -500,7 +500,6 @@ void s3_state::s3a(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s4.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s4.cpp
index 9edb22f9136..33265e28e2c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s4.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s4.cpp
@@ -494,7 +494,6 @@ void s4_state::s4a(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s6.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s6.cpp
index 8ab3c872b26..859102df718 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s6.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s6.cpp
@@ -465,7 +465,6 @@ void s6_state::s6(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s6a.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s6a.cpp
index 368a858e748..39b3aabb706 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s6a.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s6a.cpp
@@ -448,7 +448,6 @@ void s6a_state::s6a(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s7.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s7.cpp
index 8de3f2b85e3..f673f35198b 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s7.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s7.cpp
@@ -500,7 +500,6 @@ void s7_state::s7(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s8.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s8.cpp
index 9061941b2e0..3aaa9aca636 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s8.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s8.cpp
@@ -371,7 +371,6 @@ void s8_state::s8(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s8a.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s8a.cpp
index 34d1fb03604..95cc85f1020 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s8a.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s8a.cpp
@@ -343,7 +343,6 @@ void s8a_state::s8a(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/s9.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/s9.cpp
index cf38eccddd8..6cb03857b16 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/s9.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/s9.cpp
@@ -377,7 +377,6 @@ void s9_state::s9(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/sbasketb.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/sbasketb.cpp
index 90e2406c891..43f9b278752 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/sbasketb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/sbasketb.cpp
@@ -234,7 +234,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(sbasketb_state::sbasketb)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/sbrkout.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/sbrkout.cpp
index 0fae879d1cc..77bc57eea4e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/sbrkout.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/sbrkout.cpp
@@ -588,7 +588,7 @@ void sbrkout_state::sbrkout(machine_config &config)
/* sound hardware */
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.99);
- VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref").set_output(5.0).add_route(0, m_dac, 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
+ VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref").add_route(0, m_dac, 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/scyclone.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/scyclone.cpp
index 44f69db6679..020e76915c5 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/scyclone.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/scyclone.cpp
@@ -655,14 +655,12 @@ void scyclone_state::scyclone(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref2(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref2", 0));
- vref2.set_output(5.0);
vref2.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref2.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/segas16a.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/segas16a.cpp
index 6c2e5ce6b8f..4472fd2398e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/segas16a.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/segas16a.cpp
@@ -2022,7 +2022,6 @@ void segas16a_state::system16a(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/segas24.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/segas24.cpp
index e0b73147bb8..083eacd7666 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/segas24.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/segas24.cpp
@@ -1967,7 +1967,6 @@ void segas24_state::system24(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.5).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/seicross.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/seicross.cpp
index 542c97268c9..97d11dc46bf 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/seicross.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/seicross.cpp
@@ -433,7 +433,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(seicross_state::no_nvram)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.12); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/senjyo.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/senjyo.cpp
index 2bcaac245ee..7f50bf4dcc9 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/senjyo.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/senjyo.cpp
@@ -596,7 +596,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(senjyo_state::senjyo)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.05); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/shangkid.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/shangkid.cpp
index aab5a1bc636..9d42e2f2651 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/shangkid.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/shangkid.cpp
@@ -422,7 +422,6 @@ void shangkid_state::chinhero(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/shisen.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/shisen.cpp
index bdcaa1beefd..75dd64846d7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/shisen.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/shisen.cpp
@@ -259,7 +259,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(shisen_state::shisen)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0x25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/special.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/special.cpp
index 9d75b10eab5..49a7185c9cc 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/special.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/special.cpp
@@ -385,7 +385,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(special_state::special)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
@@ -497,7 +496,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(special_state::erik)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.0625);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ssozumo.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ssozumo.cpp
index d2c805c6ff0..647e2915945 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ssozumo.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ssozumo.cpp
@@ -229,7 +229,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(ssozumo_state::ssozumo)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.3); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/suna16.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/suna16.cpp
index a8416f5dbf6..6449ad12a1e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/suna16.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/suna16.cpp
@@ -867,7 +867,6 @@ void suna16_state::bssoccer(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "ldac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "rdac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -930,7 +929,6 @@ void suna16_state::uballoon(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -989,7 +987,6 @@ void suna16_state::sunaq(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
@@ -1060,7 +1057,6 @@ void suna16_state::bestbest(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "ldac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "rdac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.2); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/suna8.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/suna8.cpp
index cf0abc02232..b71d7ccef27 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/suna8.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/suna8.cpp
@@ -2045,7 +2045,6 @@ void suna8_state::brickzn11(machine_config &config)
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "ldac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.17); // unknown DAC
DAC_4BIT_R2R(config, "rdac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.17); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/tagteam.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/tagteam.cpp
index 091052b6e19..871023dbac8 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/tagteam.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/tagteam.cpp
@@ -243,7 +243,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(tagteam_state::tagteam)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/taito.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/taito.cpp
index eb3d87dc32d..4e2e8590ecd 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/taito.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/taito.cpp
@@ -368,7 +368,6 @@ void taito_state::taito(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.475); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/tceptor.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/tceptor.cpp
index 2318b9b015c..103e81d7186 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/tceptor.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/tceptor.cpp
@@ -374,7 +374,6 @@ void tceptor_state::tceptor(machine_config &config)
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.4);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/terracre.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/terracre.cpp
index f125ceac16e..b8f18c92070 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/terracre.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/terracre.cpp
@@ -488,7 +488,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(terracre_state::ym3526)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/thomson.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/thomson.cpp
index 883f34f752d..ee0bcb3e5f0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/thomson.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/thomson.cpp
@@ -650,7 +650,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(thomson_state::to7_base)
DAC_1BIT(config, "buzzer", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
DAC_6BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // 6-bit game extension R-2R DAC (R=10K)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "buzzer", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/tnzs.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/tnzs.cpp
index 7fe16ec72c8..9c07a701782 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/tnzs.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/tnzs.cpp
@@ -1701,7 +1701,6 @@ void kabukiz_state::kabukiz(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/trackfld.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/trackfld.cpp
index 3a343feab7e..28c5ac49af7 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/trackfld.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/trackfld.cpp
@@ -944,7 +944,6 @@ void trackfld_state::trackfld(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // ls374.8e + r34-r47(20k) + r35-r53(10k) + r54(20k) + upc324.8f
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
@@ -1020,7 +1019,6 @@ void trackfld_state::yieartf(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4); // ls374.8e + r34-r47(20k) + r35-r53(10k) + r54(20k) + upc324.8f
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/truco.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/truco.cpp
index 901b00dd3e8..c3dcf0e6c5e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/truco.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/truco.cpp
@@ -455,7 +455,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(truco_state::truco)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.4);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/trucocl.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/trucocl.cpp
index 8d711a8ca30..bfd624c5976 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/trucocl.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/trucocl.cpp
@@ -206,7 +206,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(trucocl_state::trucocl)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/tsamurai.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/tsamurai.cpp
index fe58c510f6c..63f4277b236 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/tsamurai.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/tsamurai.cpp
@@ -761,7 +761,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(tsamurai_state::tsamurai)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -810,7 +809,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(tsamurai_state::vsgongf)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
@@ -866,7 +864,6 @@ MACHINE_CONFIG_START(tsamurai_state::m660)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac1", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.1); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac1", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/tsispch.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/tsispch.cpp
index 60802dcb51b..59641e44c6f 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/tsispch.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/tsispch.cpp
@@ -408,7 +408,6 @@ void tsispch_state::prose2k(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_12BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC (TODO: correctly figure out how the DAC works; apparently it is connected to the serial output of the upd7720, which will be "fun" to connect up)
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/ut88.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/ut88.cpp
index a3700812127..125ceb65ca6 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/ut88.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/ut88.cpp
@@ -213,7 +213,6 @@ void ut88_state::ut88(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
WAVE(config, "wave", m_cassette).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vcombat.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vcombat.cpp
index 8407178af40..a62462042a0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vcombat.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vcombat.cpp
@@ -606,7 +606,6 @@ void vcombat_state::vcombat(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_10BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -644,7 +643,6 @@ void vcombat_state::shadfgtr(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_10BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vectrex.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vectrex.cpp
index 158ce9e9208..79bb72a91f0 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vectrex.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vectrex.cpp
@@ -113,7 +113,6 @@ void vectrex_base_state::vectrex_base(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // mc1408.ic301 (also used for vector generation)
voltage_regulator_device &vreg(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vg5k.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vg5k.cpp
index 2ea450baddc..8b4830744ee 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vg5k.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vg5k.cpp
@@ -395,7 +395,6 @@ void vg5k_state::vg5k(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_1BIT(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.125);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
/* cassette */
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vidbrain.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vidbrain.cpp
index 8d9cc5bb8f4..6f81b404f3c 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vidbrain.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vidbrain.cpp
@@ -419,7 +419,6 @@ void vidbrain_state::vidbrain(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
DAC_2BIT_R2R(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.167); // 74ls74.u16 + 120k + 56k
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/videopkr.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/videopkr.cpp
index a1033fe75a4..06083641f7a 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/videopkr.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/videopkr.cpp
@@ -1261,7 +1261,6 @@ void videopkr_state::videopkr(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.275);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vigilant.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vigilant.cpp
index 293191bd0cf..6d40069b725 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vigilant.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vigilant.cpp
@@ -528,7 +528,6 @@ void vigilant_state::vigilant(machine_config &config)
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0);
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -597,7 +596,6 @@ void vigilant_state::buccanrs(machine_config &config)
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.35);
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.35);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -650,7 +648,6 @@ void vigilant_state::kikcubic(machine_config &config)
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0);
dac.add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/vis.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/vis.cpp
index a134986dc72..c0bb8750c58 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/vis.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/vis.cpp
@@ -143,7 +143,6 @@ void vis_audio_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_rdac->add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // sanyo lc7883k
voltage_regulator_device &vreg(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/wheelfir.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/wheelfir.cpp
index 340ded67a34..8dfe7f1f130 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/wheelfir.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/wheelfir.cpp
@@ -772,7 +772,6 @@ void wheelfir_state::wheelfir(machine_config &config)
DAC_10BIT_R2R(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
DAC_10BIT_R2R(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 1.0); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/wildpkr.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/wildpkr.cpp
index 50380cfd46e..e83cb7a1d6e 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/wildpkr.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/wildpkr.cpp
@@ -533,7 +533,6 @@ void wildpkr_state::tabpkr(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "mono").front_center();
AD557(config, m_dac, 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.50);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/williams.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/williams.cpp
index 36bad4e09e7..29ef3c62400 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/williams.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/williams.cpp
@@ -1516,7 +1516,6 @@ void williams_state::williams(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // mc1408.ic6
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
@@ -1728,7 +1727,6 @@ void blaster_state::blaster(machine_config &config)
MC1408(config, "ldac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "lspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
MC1408(config, "rdac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT); vref.add_route(0, "rdac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
@@ -1772,7 +1770,6 @@ void williams2_state::williams2(machine_config &config)
SPEAKER(config, "speaker").front_center();
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/wmg.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/wmg.cpp
index 8dbb8c0a12c..b0b521ee4d4 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/wmg.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/wmg.cpp
@@ -551,7 +551,6 @@ void wmg_state::wmg(machine_config &config)
MC1408(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/wyvernf0.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/wyvernf0.cpp
index b29ef38dcb4..932feb70810 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/wyvernf0.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/wyvernf0.cpp
@@ -704,7 +704,6 @@ void wyvernf0_state::wyvernf0(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.25); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/drivers/xtheball.cpp b/src/mame/drivers/xtheball.cpp
index 180189f2a7e..b71c5971e79 100644
--- a/src/mame/drivers/xtheball.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/drivers/xtheball.cpp
@@ -333,7 +333,6 @@ void xtheball_state::xtheball(machine_config &config)
ZN428E(config, "dac", 0).add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "speaker", 0.5);
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref"));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
}
diff --git a/src/mame/machine/hpc3.cpp b/src/mame/machine/hpc3.cpp
index 755c709dea8..3a6cf729aa3 100644
--- a/src/mame/machine/hpc3.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/machine/hpc3.cpp
@@ -112,7 +112,6 @@ void hpc3_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
m_rdac->add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "rspeaker", 0.25);
voltage_regulator_device &vreg = VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref");
- vreg.set_output(5.0);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vreg.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/machine/inder_sb.cpp b/src/mame/machine/inder_sb.cpp
index 58840f839a8..871c0e0df14 100644
--- a/src/mame/machine/inder_sb.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/machine/inder_sb.cpp
@@ -171,7 +171,6 @@ void inder_sb_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac2vol", 0).add_route(0, "dac2", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac2", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
DAC_8BIT_R2R(config, "dac3vol", 0).add_route(0, "dac3", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT).add_route(0, "dac3", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT); // unknown DAC
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "dac0vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac1vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "dac2vol", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
diff --git a/src/mame/machine/mega32x.cpp b/src/mame/machine/mega32x.cpp
index 3ab57276e1d..9a9fa04cdb0 100644
--- a/src/mame/machine/mega32x.cpp
+++ b/src/mame/machine/mega32x.cpp
@@ -1781,7 +1781,6 @@ void sega_32x_device::device_add_mconfig(machine_config &config)
#endif
voltage_regulator_device &vref(VOLTAGE_REGULATOR(config, "vref", 0));
- vref.set_output(5.0);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "ldac", -1.0, DAC_VREF_NEG_INPUT);
vref.add_route(0, "rdac", 1.0, DAC_VREF_POS_INPUT);